Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area

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288 species matched this search criteria




Family Asteraceae (radiate) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

1
Yarrow
Achillea millefolium


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: common yarrow.
Generic common name: YARROW, MILFOIL.

Triunfo Creek Park: sage scrub, July 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Achillea millefolium

2
Mayweed *
Anthemis cotula


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: stinkweed, dog-fennel, stinking chamomile.
Generic common name: DOG-FENNEL, CHAMOMILE.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: Satwiwa Loop Trail, valley grassland, June 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Anthemis cotula

3
False Daisy
Eclipta prostrata


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Generic common name: ECLIPTA.

Lake Sherwood: shore margin: Sept 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Eclipta prostrata

4
Horseweed
Erigeron canadensis

TJM1: Conyza canadensis.

Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Canadian horseweed.
Generic common name: FLEABANE DAISY, FLEABANE.

Paramount Ranch: entrance road shoulder, grassland, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Erigeron canadensis

5
Garland Chrysanthemum *
Glebionis coronaria

TJM1: Chrysanthemum coronarium.

Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: crown daisy, garland daisy.
Generic common name: DAISY.

Point Dume Natural Preserve: coastal sage scrub, March 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Glebionis coronaria

6
Rock Daisy
Perityle emoryi


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Emory's rockdaisy.
Generic common name: ROCKDAISY.

Point Mugu State Park: PCH road margin, coastal sage scrub, Dec 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Perityle emoryi

7
Petite-licorice *
Plecostachys serpyllifolia

Other scientific names: Helichrysum serpyllifolium, Helichrysum orbiculare.

Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: licorice plant.
Generic common name: LICORICE.

La Piedra State Beach: coastal strand, June 2012.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Escaped cultivar. Has the potential to become invasive.
Thumbnail Picture of Plecostachys serpyllifolia

8
Feverfew *
Tanacetum parthenium


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Generic common name: TANSY.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead: riparian woodland, July 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Tanacetum parthenium


Family Asteraceae (ray) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

9
Cliff Aster
Malacothrix saxatilis var. tenuifolia


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: cliff desertdandelion.
Generic common name: DESERTDANDELION.

Circle X Ranch: Contact station, sage scrub, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Malacothrix saxatilis var. tenuifolia

10
California Chicory
Rafinesquia californica


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: California plumeseed.
Generic common name: PLUMESEED.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Cheeseboro Ridge Trail, oak woodland, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rafinesquia californica

11
San Diego Milk-aster
Stephanomeria diegensis


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: wreathplant, San Diego wirelettuce.
Generic common name: WIRELETTUCE.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, oak woodland, Aug 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Stephanomeria diegensis

12
Whiteplume Wirelettuce
Stephanomeria exigua ssp. coronaria


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: small-crown wirelettuce.
Generic common name: WIRELETTUCE.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: Near Equestrian parking lot, disturbed grassland, June 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Stephanomeria exigua ssp. coronaria

13
Twiggy Wreath Plant
Stephanomeria virgata


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: virgate stephanomeria, tall stephanomeria, rod wirelettuce.
Generic common name: WIRELETTUCE.

Circle X Ranch: Flagpole Overlook, sage scrub, Aug 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Stephanomeria virgata


Family Asteraceae (discoid) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

14
Thoroughwort *
Ageratina adenophora


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: eupatory, sticky snakeroot, croften weed.
Generic common name: SNAKEROOT.

Topanga State Park: Rustic Canyon Trail, oak woodland, Sept 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Ageratina adenophora

15
Woolly Fishhooks
Ancistrocarphus filagineus


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: false neststraw, hooked groundstar.
Generic common name: NESTSTRAW, GROUNDSTAR, WOOLLY FISHHOOKS.

Open Space near Ladyface Mountain: open patch in grassy meadow, April 2011.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ancistrocarphus filagineus

16
Salt Marsh Baccharis
Baccharis glutinosa

TJM1: Baccharis douglasii.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Douglas' baccharis, marsh baccharis.
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Wildwood Park: Wildwood Canyon Trail, riparian woodland, August 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis glutinosa

17
Malibu Baccharis
Baccharis malibuensis

TJM1: Not Listed.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space: chaparral, August 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 1B.1.
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis malibuensis

18
Coyote Brush
Baccharis pilularis ssp. consanguinea

TJM1: Baccharis pilularis.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: dwarf chaparral broom, chaparral broom.
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, September 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis pilularis ssp. consanguinea

19
Plummer's Baccharis
Baccharis plummerae ssp. plummerae


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Solstice Canyon: Solstice Canyon Trail, oak woodland, October 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 4.3.
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis plummerae ssp. plummerae

20
Mule Fat
Baccharis salicifolia spp. salicifolia

TJM1: Baccharis salicifolia.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Male and female blossoms.
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis salicifolia spp. salicifolia

21
Hybrid Desertbroom
Baccharis sarothroides ◊ pilularis


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Broom Baccharis.
Generic common name: FALSE WILLOW, BACCHARIS.

Los Angeles County Open Space: Canyonback Fire Road, chaparral, Sept 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

This hybrid of two native species is likely an escaped cultivar with a form intermediate between its parents.
Thumbnail Picture of Baccharis sarothroides ◊ pilularis

22
Beggar-ticks *
Bidens pilosa


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: hairy beggarticks, common beggar-ticks, Spanish-needles.
Generic common name: STICKTIGHT, SPANISH-NEEDLES, BEGGAR'S TICK.

Solstice Canyon: TWR Loop Trail, oak woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Bidens pilosa

23
White Pincushion
Chaenactis artemisiifolia


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: artemisia leaved chaenactis, sagebrush-leaved pincushion, white chaenactis.
Generic common name: PINCUSHION, DUSTY-MAIDENS.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Chaenactis artemisiifolia

24
Little Horseweed *
Erigeron bonariensis

TJM1: Conyza bonariensis.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: asthmaweed, flax leaved fleabane.
Generic common name: FLEABANE DAISY, FLEABANE.

Will Rogers State Historic Park: disturbed urban, Oct 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Erigeron bonariensis

25
Lowland Cudweed
Gnaphalium palustre


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: western marsh cudweed.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Rocky Oaks: Rocky Oaks Pond, pond edge, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Gnaphalium palustre

26
Poverty Weed
Iva axillaris


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Generic common name: WORMWOOD, MARSH ELDER.

Diamond X Ranch: Entrance Road, disturbed grassland, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Iva axillaris

27
Coulter's Horseweed
Laennecia coulteri

TJM1: Conyza coulteri.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Coulter's conyza.
Generic common name: HORSEWEED.

Disturbed road margin, Oct 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.

Also LaŽnnecia.
Thumbnail Picture of Laennecia coulteri

28
Slender Cotton Weed
Micropus californicus var. californicus


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: micropus, cottontop.
Generic common name: COTTONSEED.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Micropus californicus var. californicus

29
Two-tone Everlasting
Pseudognaphalium biolettii

TJM1: Gnaphalium bicolor.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: bicolored everlasting, Bioletti's cudweed.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, sage scrub, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pseudognaphalium biolettii

30
California Everlasting
Pseudognaphalium californicum

TJM1: Gnaphalium californicum.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: California cudweed, green everlasting, California rabbit-tobacco.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pseudognaphalium californicum

31
Sonora Everlasting
Pseudognaphalium leucocephalum

TJM1: Gnaphalium leucocephalum.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: white rabbit-tobacco.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Sandbar near the creek's banks, Oct 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Pseudognaphalium leucocephalum

32
Weedy Cudweed *
Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum

TJM1: Gnaphalium luteo-album.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: everlasting cudweed, fragrant everlasting, red-tip rabbit-tobacco.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, October 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum

33
Felt-leaf Everlasting
Pseudognaphalium microcephalum

TJM1: Gnaphalium canescens ssp. microcephalum.
TJM2: Pseudognaphalium microcephalum.
Other scientific names: Gnaphalium microcephalum.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: white everlasting.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Arroyo Sequit: Arroyo Sequit Loop Trail, valley grassland, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Pseudognaphalium microcephalum

34
Cotton-batting Plant
Pseudognaphalium stramineum

TJM1: Gnaphalium stramineum.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Chilean cudweed, small flowered cudweed, everlasting Cudweed.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Cabrillo National Monument: coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Photographed out of range.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know.
Thumbnail Picture of Pseudognaphalium stramineum


Family Campanulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Campanulales)

35
Nuttall's Nemacladus
Nemacladus ramosissimus


Family: Campanulaceae (BELLFLOWER).
Other common names: smallflower threadplant.
Generic common name: THREADPLANT.

Wildwood Park: Lynnmere Trail, coastal sage scrub, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Nemacladus ramosissimus


Family Adoxaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Dipsacales)

36
Elderberry
Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea

TJM1: Sambucus mexicana.

Family: Adoxaceae (MUSKROOT), Caprifoliaceae (HONEYSUCKLE).
Other common names: blue elderberry.
Generic common name: ELDERBERRY.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, oak woodland, Mar 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Sambucus nigra ssp. caerulea


Family Caprifoliaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Dipsacales)

37
Chaparral Honeysuckle
Lonicera subspicata var. denudata


Family: Caprifoliaceae (HONEYSUCKLE).
Other common names: southern honeysuckle.
Generic common name: HONEYSUCKLE.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Lonicera subspicata var. denudata

38
Snowberry
Symphoricarpos mollis


Family: Caprifoliaceae (HONEYSUCKLE).
Other common names: creeping snowberry, trailing snowberry, trip vine.
Generic common name: WAXBERRY, SNOWBERRY.

Point Mugu State Park: Serrano Canyon Trail, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Symphoricarpos mollis


Family Apocynaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Gentianales)

39
Indian Hemp
Apocynum cannabinum


Family: Apocynaceae (DOGBANE).
Other common names: Indianhemp dogbane.
Generic common name: DOGBANE, INDIAN HEMP.

Malibu Creek State Park: Bulldog Trail, riparian woodland, June 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Apocynum cannabinum

40
White Bladderflower *
Araujia sericifera


Family: Apocynaceae (DOGBANE), Asclepiadaceae (MILKWEED).
Generic common name: BLADDER-FLOWER.

Long Grade Canyon: West Potrero Road shoulder, chaparral, June 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Araujia sericifera

41
California Milkweed
Asclepias californica


Family: Apocynaceae (DOGBANE), Asclepiadaceae (MILKWEED).
Other common names: round-hooded milkweed.
Generic common name: MILKWEED.

Malibu Creek State Park: Crags Road, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Asclepias californica

42
Indian Milkweed
Asclepias eriocarpa


Family: Apocynaceae (DOGBANE), Asclepiadaceae (MILKWEED).
Other common names: Kotolo milkweed, woollypod milkweed.
Generic common name: MILKWEED.

Malibu Creek State Park: Crags Road, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Asclepias eriocarpa

43
Narrow-leaved Milkweed
Asclepias fascicularis


Family: Apocynaceae (DOGBANE), Asclepiadaceae (MILKWEED).
Other common names: Mexican whorled milkweed.
Generic common name: MILKWEED.

Circle X Ranch: group campground access road shoulder, sage scrub, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Asclepias fascicularis

44
Oleander *
Nerium oleander

TJM1: Not Listed.

Family: Apocynaceae (DOGBANE).
Other common names: common oleander.
Generic common name: OLEANDER.

Multiple environments with previous landscaping, Sept 2010 .

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

Cultivar. Does not appear to be reproducing in California.
Thumbnail Picture of Nerium oleander


Family Boraginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Lamiales)

45
White Forget-me-not
Cryptantha clevelandii var. clevelandii

TJM1: Cryptantha clevelandii.

Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: Cleveland's cryptantha, common cryptantha.
Generic common name: CRYPTANTHA.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, chaparral, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cryptantha clevelandii var. clevelandii

46
Large-flowered Popcorn Flower
Cryptantha intermedia var. intermedia

TJM1: Cryptantha intermedia.

Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: Clearwater cryptantha, common cryptantha.
Generic common name: CRYPTANTHA.

Wildwood Park: coastal sage scrub, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cryptantha intermedia var. intermedia

47
Minute-flowered Popcorn Flower
Cryptantha micromeres


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: pygmyflower cryptantha, small flowered cryptantha.
Generic common name: CRYPTANTHA.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail below Triunfo Peak, sage scrub, April 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cryptantha micromeres

48
Tejon Cryptantha
Cryptantha microstachys


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: popcorn flower.
Generic common name: CRYPTANTHA.

NPS lands west of Malibu State Park: oak woodland, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cryptantha microstachys

49
Prickly Popcorn Flower
Cryptantha muricata var. muricata

TJM1: Cryptantha muricata.

Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: pointed cryptantha, showy prickly-nut cryptantha.
Generic common name: CRYPTANTHA.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, chaparral, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cryptantha muricata var. muricata

50
Eucrypta
Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF).
Other common names: spotted hideseed, spotted eucrypta, common eucrypta.
Generic common name: HIDESEED.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, chaparral, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia

51
Wild Heliotrope
Heliotropium curassavicum var. oculatum

TJM1: Heliotropium curassavicum.

Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: salt heliotrope, Chinese parsley, seaside heliotrope.
Generic common name: HELIOTROPE.

Point Mugu State Park: Big Sycamore Canyon Trail, oak woodland, July 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Heliotropium curassavicum var. oculatum

52
Meadow Nemophila
Nemophila pedunculata


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF).
Other common names: littlefoot nemophila.
Generic common name: BABY BLUE EYES.

Triunfo Canyon Park: chaparral, March 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Nemophila pedunculata

53
Slender Pectocarya
Pectocarya linearis ssp. ferocula


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: sagebrush combseed, slender comb seed.
Generic common name: COMBSEED.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, chaparral, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pectocarya linearis ssp. ferocula

54
Winged Pectocarya
Pectocarya penicillata


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: sleeping combseed, winged comb seed.
Generic common name: COMBSEED.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: China Flat Trail, chaparral, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pectocarya penicillata

55
Yellow-throated Phacelia
Phacelia brachyloba


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF).
Other common names: shortlobe phacelia.
Generic common name: PHACELIA.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Phacelia brachyloba

56
Caterpillar Phacelia
Phacelia cicutaria var. hispida


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF).
Generic common name: PHACELIA.

Circle X Ranch: New Backbone Trail, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Phacelia cicutaria var. hispida

57
Mountain Phacelia
Phacelia imbricata ssp. imbricata


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF).
Generic common name: PHACELIA.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Phacelia imbricata ssp. imbricata

58
White Fiesta Flower
Pholistoma racemosum


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF).
Other common names: San diego fiestaflower, racemed fiestaflower.
Generic common name: FIESTAFLOWER.

Cabrillo National Monument: coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Photographed out of range.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know.
Thumbnail Picture of Pholistoma racemosum

59
Adobe Popcorn Flower
Plagiobothrys acanthocarpus


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Generic common name: POPCORNFLOWER.

Wildwood Park: Lynnmere Trail, coastal sage scrub, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Plagiobothrys acanthocarpus

60
Valley Popcorn Flower
Plagiobothrys canescens


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: grey popcorn flower.
Generic common name: POPCORNFLOWER.

Malibu Creek State Park: Deerleg Trail, grassland, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Plagiobothrys canescens

61
California popcornflower
Plagiobothrys collinus var. fulvescens


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: Cooper's popcorn flower, rough-stemmed popcornflower.
Generic common name: POPCORNFLOWER.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, thin soil on rocky outcrop. June 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Plagiobothrys collinus var. fulvescens

62
San Diego Popcorn Flower
Plagiobothrys collinus var. gracilis


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: graceful popcorn flower, Cooper's popcorn flower.
Generic common name: POPCORNFLOWER.

Wildwood Park: Stagecoach Bluff Trail, thin-soiled open ground, Feb 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Plagiobothrys collinus var. gracilis

63
Popcorn Flower
Plagiobothrys nothofulvus


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE).
Other common names: rusty popcornflower, rusty haired popcorn flower.
Generic common name: POPCORNFLOWER.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, sage scrub, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Plagiobothrys nothofulvus


Family Lamiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Lamiales)

64
Yerba Buena
Clinopodium douglasii

TJM1: Satureja douglasii.

Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Generic common name: SAVORY.

Topanga State Park: Rustic Canyon trail, riparian woodland, June 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Clinopodium douglasii

65
Pitcher Sage
Lepechinia fragrans


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Other common names: fragrant pitcher sage, island pitchersage.
Generic common name: PITCHER SAGE.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepechinia fragrans

66
Horehound *
Marrubium vulgare


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Generic common name: HOREHOUND.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Marrubium vulgare

67
Peppermint *
Mentha ◊ piperita


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Generic common name: MINT.

Malibu Creek streamside: riparian woodland, near Rindge dam, Oct 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Blue, Small, Medium, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Mentha ◊ piperita

68
Spearmint *
Mentha spicata


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Generic common name: MINT.

Zuma/Trancas Canyons: Upper Zuma Canyon, streamside, September 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Mentha spicata

69
White Sage
Salvia apiana


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Generic common name: SAGE.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Salvia apiana

70
Black Sage
Salvia mellifera


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Generic common name: SAGE.

Circle X Ranch: group campground access road shoulder, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Salvia mellifera

71
White Hedge Nettle
Stachys albens


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Other common names: cobwebby hedge nettle, whitestem hedgenettle.
Generic common name: HEDGE NETTLE.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, intermittent streambed, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Stachys albens


Family Verbenaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Lamiales)

72
Frog Fruit
Phyla lanceolata


Family: Verbenaceae (VERVAIN).
Other common names: lanceleaf fogfruit, lance leaf lippia.
Generic common name: FOGFRUIT.

Lake Sherwood: shore margin: Sept 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

The history of the common names "Fog" -vs- "Frog" is not clear.
Thumbnail Picture of Phyla lanceolata

73
Garden Lippia
Phyla nodiflora


Family: Verbenaceae (VERVAIN).
Other common names: turkey tangle fogfruit, lippia.
Generic common name: FOGFRUIT.

Lake Sherwood: grassy lawn near shoreline: Sept 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

May be non-native.
Thumbnail Picture of Phyla nodiflora

74
Moss Verbena *
Verbena pulchella

TJM1: Verbena tenuisecta.
Other scientific names: Glandularia pulchella.

Family: Verbenaceae (VERVAIN).
Generic common name: VERVAIN.

Oakbrook Community Park: Albertson Motorway, chaparral, disturbed road margin, May 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Blue, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

A cultivated species occasionally escaped near landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Verbena pulchella


Family Plantaginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Plantaginales)

75
White Snapdragon
Antirrhinum coulterianum

FNA: Sairocarpus coulterianus.

Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: Coulter snapdragon.
Generic common name: SNAPDRAGON.

Backbone Trail between Trippet Ranch and Will Rogers State Parks: chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Antirrhinum coulterianum

76
Morrocan Toadflax
Linaria maroccana


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN).
Generic common name: TOADFLAX.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, thin soiled grassland, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Garden escapee, probably deliberately spread by hikers.
Thumbnail Picture of Linaria maroccana

77
Water Speedwell *
Veronica anagallis-aquatica


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Generic common name: SPEEDWELL, BROOKLIME.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, riparian woodland, May 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Veronica anagallis-aquatica

78
Hairy Purslane Speedwell
Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: neckweed.
Generic common name: SPEEDWELL, BROOKLIME.

Triunfo Canyon Park: Near the reservoir, disturbed wet area, March 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis


Family Rubiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Rubiales)

79
Phlox-leaved Bedstraw
Galium andrewsii


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Other common names: needlemat galium.
Generic common name: BEDSTRAW, CLEAVERS.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Galium andrewsii

80
Narrow-leaved Bedstraw
Galium angustifolium ssp. angustifolium


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Generic common name: BEDSTRAW, CLEAVERS.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Galium angustifolium ssp. angustifolium

81
Annual Bedstraw
Galium aparine


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Other common names: stickywilly, common bedstraw, goose grass.
Generic common name: BEDSTRAW, CLEAVERS.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Galium aparine

82
Field Madder *
Sherardia arvensis


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Other common names: blue fieldmadder.
Generic common name: FIELD MADDER, SPURWORT.

Cabrillo National Monument: April 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Sherardia arvensis


Family Oleaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Scrophulariales)

83
Chaparral Flowering Ash
Fraxinus dipetala


Family: Oleaceae (OLIVE).
Other common names: flowering ash, California ash, foothill ash.
Generic common name: ASH.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead: riparian woodland, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Fraxinus dipetala

84
Chinese Privet *
Ligustrum lucidum


Family: Oleaceae (OLIVE).
Other common names: glossy privet.
Generic common name: PRIVET.

Old Meadows Park, Thousand Oaks: banks of a drainage ditch, July 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Escaped cultivar.
Thumbnail Picture of Ligustrum lucidum

85
Olive *
Olea europaea


Family: Oleaceae (OLIVE).
Generic common name: OLIVE.

Private land near Mulholland and Kanan Roads: chaparral, May 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Olea europaea


Family Orobanchaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Scrophulariales)

86
Salt Marsh Birdís-Beak
Chloropyron maritimum ssp. maritimum

TJM1: Cordylanthus maritimus ssp. maritimus.

Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Generic common name: SALTY BIRDíS-BEAK.

Ormond Beach West, Coastal Salt Marsh, May 2013.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2
Photographed slightly out of range, but expected to occur in range.
Thumbnail Picture of Chloropyron maritimum ssp. maritimum

87
Bird's Beak
Cordylanthus rigidus ssp. setigerus


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: stiffbranch bird's beak, rigid bird's beak, dark-tipped bird's-beak.
Generic common name: BIRD'S BEAK.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cordylanthus rigidus ssp. setigerus


Family Scrophulariaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Scrophulariales)

88
Butterfly Bush *
Buddleja saligna


Family: Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT), Buddlejaceae (BUDDLEJA).
Other common names: false olive, olive buddleia, bastard olive.
Generic common name: BUTTERFLY BUSH.

Scheuren Road: disturbed chaparral, Jan 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Buddleja saligna

89
Myoporum *
Myoporum laetum


Family: Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT), Myoporaceae MYOPORUM.
Other common names: ngaio tree, lollypop tree.
Generic common name: MYOPORUM.

PCH disturbed margin near County Line Beach: coastal sage scrub, April 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Myoporum laetum


Family Convolvulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

90
South Coast Range Morning-Glory
Calystegia collina ssp. venusta


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: hillside morning glory, coast range false bindweed.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, FALSE BINDWEED.

Malibu Creek State Park: Crags Road, chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.3.
Thumbnail Picture of Calystegia collina ssp. venusta

91
Wild Morning Glory
Calystegia macrostegia ssp. cyclostegia


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: island false bindweed, coast morning glory.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, FALSE BINDWEED.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Intergrades with other local Calystegia species making precise a ID sometimes difficult.
Thumbnail Picture of Calystegia macrostegia ssp. cyclostegia

92
South Coast False Bindweed
Calystegia macrostegia ssp. intermedia


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: island false bindweed.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, FALSE BINDWEED.

Day Canyon: disturbed grassland, July 2011.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Calystegia macrostegia ssp. intermedia

93
Island Morning Glory
Calystegia macrostegia ssp. macrostegia


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: island false bindweed.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, FALSE BINDWEED.

Disturbed road margin, July 2011.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Calystegia macrostegia ssp. macrostegia

94
Pacific False Bindweed
Calystegia purpurata ssp. purpurata


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: purple western morning glory, smooth western morning glory.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, FALSE BINDWEED.

NPS access road east of Seminole Overlook, chaparral, June 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Calystegia purpurata ssp. purpurata

95
Beach Morning-glory
Calystegia soldanella


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: seashore false bindweed, sand convolvulus.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, FALSE BINDWEED.

Point Mugu State Park: Thornhill Broome Beach, coastal strand, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Calystegia soldanella

96
Bindweed *
Convolvulus arvensis


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: orchard morning-glory, field bindweed.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, BINDWEED.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: Ranch Overlook Trail, disturbed grassland, June 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Convolvulus arvensis

97
Small-Flowered Morning-Glory
Convolvulus simulans


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, BINDWEED.

Wildwood Park: trailside, disturbed grassland, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Convolvulus simulans

98
Alkali Weed
Cressa truxillensis


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: spreading alkaliweed.
Generic common name: ALKALI WEED.

Mugu Lagoon, coastal salt marsh, July 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cressa truxillensis

99
California Dodder
Cuscuta californica var. papillosa


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY), Cuscutaceae (DODDER).
Other common names: chaparral dodder.
Generic common name: DODDER.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Ranch Center Connector Trail, sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cuscuta californica var. papillosa

100
Field Dodder
Cuscuta campestris

TJM1: Cuscuta pentagona.

Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY), Cuscutaceae (DODDER).
Generic common name: DODDER.

Banks of Calleguas Creek near CSUCI, Oct 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Has been identified as Cuscuta pentagona in the past.
Thumbnail Picture of Cuscuta campestris

101
Saltmarsh Dodder
Cuscuta pacifica var. pacifica

TJM1: Cuscuta salina var. major.

Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY), Cuscutaceae (DODDER).
Other common names: goldenthread.
Generic common name: DODDER.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: salt marsh, September 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cuscuta pacifica var. pacifica

102
Canyon Dodder
Cuscuta subinclusa


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY), Cuscutaceae (DODDER).
Generic common name: DODDER.

Topanga Canyon: chaparral, July 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cuscuta subinclusa

103
Asian Ponysfoot *
Dichondra micrantha


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Generic common name: PONYSFOOT.

Paramount Ranch: sheltered margin of irrigated lawn, April 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Cultivated as a ground cover.
Thumbnail Picture of Dichondra micrantha


Family Polemoniaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

104
Angel's Gilia
Gilia angelensis


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: chaparral gilia.
Generic common name: GILIA.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: China Flat Trail, burned chaparral, April 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Gilia angelensis

105
Globe Gilia
Gilia capitata ssp. abrotanifolia


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: bluehead gilia, blue field gilia.
Generic common name: GILIA.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Gilia capitata ssp. abrotanifolia

106
Purplespot Gilia
Gilia clivorum


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: many stemmed gilia.
Generic common name: GILIA.

Peter Strauss Ranch: disturbed area adjacent to the lawn, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Gilia clivorum

107
Linanthus
Leptosiphon parviflorus

TJM1: Linanthus parviflorus.

Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: common linanthus, variable linanthus.
Generic common name: LEPTOSIPHON.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Cheeseboro Canyon Trail, oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Leptosiphon parviflorus

108
Slender-flowered Hooked Navarretia
Navarretia hamata ssp. leptantha


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Generic common name: PINCUSHIONPLANT.

Los Robles Open Space: disturbed trail margin in oak woodland and chaparral, July 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Navarretia hamata ssp. leptantha

109
Downy Navarretia
Navarretia mitracarpa

TJM1: Navarretia jaredii.
Other scientific names: Navarretia pubescens, Navarretia ojaiensis.

Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: mitre-fruited navarretia, downy pincushionplant, purple navarretia, Paso Robles navarretia.
Generic common name: PINCUSHIONPLANT.

Paramount Ranch: Medea Creek Trail, valley grassland, June 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.

The nomenclature of this Navarretia complex is currently in flux. See note in ANF.
Thumbnail Picture of Navarretia mitracarpa


Family Solanaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

110
Jimson Weed *
Datura stramonium


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: Toloache.
Generic common name: JIMSON WEED, THORN-APPLE.

Calleguas Creek: sandbar near CSUCI, July 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Datura stramonium

111
Datura
Datura wrightii


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: sacred thorn-apple, toluaca, toloache, western Jimsonweed, hairy thorn-apple, devils trumpet.
Generic common name: JIMSON WEED, THORN-APPLE.

Mulholland Highway roadside: chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Datura wrightii

112
California Desert Thorn
Lycium californicum


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: California boxthorn.
Generic common name: BOX THORN.

Cabrillo National Monument: coastal bluffs, Jan 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2
Photographed out of range.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know.
Thumbnail Picture of Lycium californicum

113
Manyflower Tobacco *
Nicotiana acuminata var. multiflora


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: tobacco.
Generic common name: TOBACCO.

Seminole Hot Springs: disturbed urban/chaparral, June 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Nicotiana acuminata var. multiflora

114
Cleveland's Tobacco
Nicotiana clevelandii


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Generic common name: TOBACCO.

Wildwood Park: coastal sage scrub, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Nicotiana clevelandii

115
Bigelowís Tobacco
Nicotiana quadrivalvis

Other scientific names: Nicotiana bigelovii.

Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: Indian tobacco, Karok tobacco.
Generic common name: TOBACCO.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: China Flat Trail, burned grassland, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Nicotiana quadrivalvis

116
Wild Petunia
Petunia parviflora


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Generic common name: PETUNIA .

Camarillo Regional Recreation Area, coastal sage scrub, fallow agricultural land roadbed, May 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Petunia parviflora

117
Little White Nightshade
Solanum americanum


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: American black nightshade, common nightshade, small flowered nightshade.
Generic common name: NIGHTSHADE.

Camarillo agricultural fields: banks of Calleguas creek, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Has been listed as Solanum nodiflorum in some flora.
Thumbnail Picture of Solanum americanum

118
White Nightshade
Solanum douglasii


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Generic common name: NIGHTSHADE.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, oak woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Solanum douglasii


Family Aizoaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

119
Coastal Galenia *
Galenia pubescens

TJM1: Not Listed.
TJM2: Not Listed.

Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Generic common name: GALENIA.

Topanga State Park: Eagle Springs Fire Road, chaparral, March 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Galenia pubescens

120
Crystalline Iceplant *
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Other common names: common ice plant.
Generic common name: ICEPLANT.

Point Mugu State Park: Thornhill Broome Beach, coastal strand, April 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum

121
Slender-Leaved Iceplant *
Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Generic common name: ICEPLANT.

Cabrillo National Monument: sandy slopes on the ocean side of the peninsula, April 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum


Family Caryophyllaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

122
Showy Baby's-breath *
Gypsophila elegans


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: annual babyís breath.
Generic common name: BABY'S-BREATH.

Malibu Creek State Park: Backbone Trail, oak woodland, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.

Cultivar probably deliberately distributed by hikers.
Thumbnail Picture of Gypsophila elegans

123
Douglas' Sandwort
Minuartia douglasii


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: Douglas' stitchwort.
Generic common name: SANDWORT, STITCHWORT.

Circle X Ranch: New Backbone Trail, sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Minuartia douglasii

124
Western Pearlwort
Sagina decumbens ssp. occidentalis


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: trailing pearlwort.
Generic common name: PEARLWORT.

Castro Crest: Backbone Trail, shady trailside in chaparral, May 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.

New find for the Santa Monica Mountains, Spring 2009.
Thumbnail Picture of Sagina decumbens ssp. occidentalis

125
Dolores Campion
Silene verecunda


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: San Francisco campion.
Generic common name: CATCHFLY, CAMPION.

Backbone Trail near Corral Trailhead: chaparral, July 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Silene verecunda

126
Corn Spurry *
Spergula arvensis


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: stickwort, starwort.
Generic common name: SPURREY.

Zuma/Trancas Canyons: Lower Zuma, Zuma Canyon Trail, sandy bank along creek, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Spergula arvensis

127
Boccone's Sandspurry *
Spergularia bocconi


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Generic common name: SAND-SPURREY.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail trailhead parking lot, coastal sage scrub, May 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Spergularia bocconi

128
Salt-marsh Sand Spurry
Spergularia marina


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Generic common name: SAND-SPURREY.

Oxnard Ecological Preserve: salt flat, March 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Spergularia marina

129
Hairy Sandspurry *
Spergularia villosa


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Generic common name: SAND-SPURREY.

Circle X Ranch: disturbed areas and roadsides, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Spergularia villosa

130
Common Chickweed *
Stellaria media


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Generic common name: CHICKWEED, STARWORT.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead: oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Stellaria media

131
Shiny Chickweed
Stellaria nitens


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: smooth chickweed.
Generic common name: CHICKWEED, STARWORT.

Triunfo Canyon Park: near Triunfo Canyon Road, grassland, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Stellaria nitens


Family Chenopodiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

132
Swamp Saltbush *
Atriplex amnicola

TJM1: Not Listed.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: trailside near salt marsh, Dec 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex amnicola

133
Bigelow's Pickleweed
Salicornia bigelovii


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: dwarf saltwort.
Generic common name: PICKLEWEED, GLASSWORT, SALTWORT.

Mugu Lagoon, salt marsh, May 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.

Not yet seen in flower.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know .
Thumbnail Picture of Salicornia bigelovii


Family Montiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

134
Pale Claytonia
Claytonia exigua ssp. exigua


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: serpentine springbeauty, little spring beauty, common montia.
Generic common name: SPRINGBEAUTY.

Triunfo Canyon Park: rocky slope, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Claytonia exigua ssp. exigua

135
Coast Range Claytonia
Claytonia gypsophiloides


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: gypsum springbeauty.
Generic common name: SPRINGBEAUTY.

Triunfo Canyon Park: rocky slope, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Claytonia gypsophiloides

136
Streambank Springbeauty
Claytonia parviflora ssp. parviflora


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: Utah miner's lettuce, narrow leaved miner's lettuce, Indian-lettuce.
Generic common name: SPRINGBEAUTY.

Triunfo Canyon Park: trail up to the reservoir, damp disturbed trailside, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Claytonia parviflora ssp. parviflora

137
Davidson's Indian-lettuce
Claytonia parviflora ssp. viridis


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: Utah miner's lettuce, narrow leaved miner's lettuce, green miner's lettuce, Streambank Springbeauty.
Generic common name: SPRINGBEAUTY.

Malibu Creek State Park: Backbone Trail, riparian woodland, April 2011.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Claytonia parviflora ssp. viridis

138
Miner's Lettuce
Claytonia perfoliata


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: Madrean miner's lettuce.
Generic common name: SPRINGBEAUTY.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Claytonia perfoliata

139
Water Blinks
Montia fontana


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: annual water minerslettuce, water montia, water chickweed.
Generic common name: MINERSLETTUCE, WATER CHICKWEED.

Circle X Ranch: streamside, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Montia fontana


Family Nyctaginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

140
Four-O'Clock *
Mirabilis jalapa var. jalapa

TJM1: Mirabilis jalapa.

Family: Nyctaginaceae (FOUR O'CLOCK).
Other common names: marvel of Peru, wishbone bush.
Generic common name: FOUR O'CLOCK.

Camarillo Regional Recreation Area, disturbed roadside, Sept 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

A cultivated species occasionally escaped near landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Mirabilis jalapa var. jalapa


Family Phytolaccaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

141
American pokeweed
Phytolacca americana


Family: Phytolaccaceae (POKEWEED).
Other common names: common pokeweed, pokeberry, inkberry, pigeonberry.
Generic common name: POKEWEED.

Will Rogers State Historic Park: Backbone Trail, chaparral, Oct 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer, Fall.

Note: has NOXIOUS WEED status in some locations.
Thumbnail Picture of Phytolacca americana


Family Plumbaginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Plumbaginales)

142
Wavyleaf Sea Lavender *
Limonium sinuatum


Family: Plumbaginaceae (LEADWORT).
Other common names: statice.
Generic common name: SEA-LAVENDER, MARSH-ROSEMARY.

Malibu: PCH disturbed road margin, Sept 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.

Cultivar occasionally escaped near landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Limonium sinuatum


Family Polygonaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Polygonales)

143
San Fernando Valley Spineflower
Chorizanthe parryi var. fernandina


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Generic common name: SPINEFLOWER.

Ahmanson Ranch: burned valley grassland, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.1.
Thumbnail Picture of Chorizanthe parryi var. fernandina

144
Anglestem Buckwheat
Eriogonum angulosum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Cheeseboro Ridge Trail, burned valley grassland, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum angulosum

145
Ashy Leaf Buckwheat
Eriogonum cinereum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: coastal buckwheat, grey coast eriogonum.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Deer Creek Road shoulder: sage scrub, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum cinereum

146
Santa Ynez Wild Buckwheat
Eriogonum cithariforme var. agninum

TJM1: Eriogonum cithariforme.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: cithara wild buckwheat.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Malibu Creek State Park: Tapia Spur Trail, chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum cithariforme var. agninum

147
Wand Buckwheat
Eriogonum elongatum var. elongatum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: long-stem wild buckwheat.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Rocky Oaks: Rocky Oaks Loop Trail, sage scrub, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum elongatum var. elongatum

148
California Buckwheat
Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: Eastern Mojave buckwheat, coastal California buckwheat, leafy California buckwheat.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, sage scrub, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Sometimes intermediate between other varieties.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum

149
Santa Catalina Island Buckwheat
Eriogonum giganteum var. giganteum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: Santa Catalina Islandís St. Catherineís Lace.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: trailside near tidal salt marsh, July 2011.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Naturalized in Santa Monica Mountains (introduced California native).
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum giganteum var. giganteum

150
Sea-cliff Buckwheat
Eriogonum parvifolium


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: dune eriogonum.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, July 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum parvifolium

151
Wright's Buckwheat
Eriogonum wrightii var. membranaceum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: ringed-stem bastard-sage.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Castro Crest: Backbone Trail, exposed rocky slopes, Sept 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum wrightii var. membranaceum

152
California Chorizanthe
Mucronea californica


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: California spineflower.
Generic common name: SPINEFLOWER.

Cabrillo National Monument: sandy slopes on the ocean side of the peninsula, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2

Photographed out of range.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know.
Thumbnail Picture of Mucronea californica

153
Willow Weed
Persicaria lapathifolia

TJM1: Polygonum lapathifolium.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: curlytop knotweed, willow smartweed.
Generic common name: SMARTWEED.

Malibu Creek streamside: riparian woodland, near Rindge dam, Oct 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Persicaria lapathifolia

154
Lady's Thumb *
Persicaria maculosa

TJM1: Polygonum persicaria.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: spotted ladysthumb.
Generic common name: SMARTWEED.

Calleguas Creek: sandbar near CSUCI, July 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Persicaria maculosa

155
Persian Knotweed *
Polygonum argyrocoleon


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: silversheath knotweed.
Generic common name: KNOTWEED, SMARTWEED.

Disturbed site near Camp Miller: coastal sage scrub, August 2013.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Polygonum argyrocoleon

156
Common Knotweed *
Polygonum aviculare ssp. depressum

TJM1: Polygonum arenastrum.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: doorweed, oval-leaf knotweed, dooryard knotweed.
Generic common name: KNOTWEED, SMARTWEED.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, disturbed shoulder margin and pavement cracks, March 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Polygonum aviculare ssp. depressum


Family Papaveraceae (Magnoliopsida | Magnoliidae | Papaverales)

157
Prickly Poppy
Argemone munita


Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Other common names: chicalote, flatbud pricklypoppy.
Generic common name: PRICKLY POPPY.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Palo Comado Canyon Trail, burned chaparral, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Argemone munita

158
Bleeding Heart
Ehrendorferia ochroleuca

TJM1: Dicentra ochroleuca.

Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Other common names: yellow bleeding heart, ear-drops.
Generic common name: GOLDEN EARDROPS.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ehrendorferia ochroleuca

159
Small-flowered Meconella
Meconella denticulata


Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Other common names: smallflower fairypoppy.
Generic common name: FAIRYPOPPY.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail below Triunfo Peak, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Meconella denticulata

160
Cream Cups
Platystemon californicus


Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Generic common name: CREAMCUPS.

Triunfo Canyon Park: sage scrub, April 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Platystemon californicus

161
Matilija Poppy
Romneya coulteri


Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Other common names: Coulter's matilija poppy.
Generic common name: MATILIJA POPPY.

Malibu Creek State Park: near Cistern Trail, chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Romneya coulteri


Family Geraniaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Geraniales)

162
White-flowered Filaree
California macrophylla

TJM1: Erodium macrophyllum.

Family: Geraniaceae (GERANIUM).
Other common names: roundleaf stork's bill, large leaved filaree, California storksbill, California Filaree.
Generic common name: CALIFORNIA FILAREE.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: disturbed grassland, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.1.
Thumbnail Picture of California macrophylla


Family Linaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Linales)

163
Small-flowered Dwarf-flax
Hesperolinon micranthum

FNA: Linum micranthum.

Family: Linaceae (FLAX).
Other common names: threadstem flax, small flower western flax, Common dwarf flax.
Generic common name: DWARF FLAX, WESTERN FLAX.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, coastal sage scrub, June 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Hesperolinon micranthum


Family Myrtaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Myrtales)

164
Red Gum *
Eucalyptus camaldulensis var. camaldulensis

TJM1: Eucalyptus camaldulensis.
TJM2: Eucalyptus camaldulensis.

Family: Myrtaceae (MYRTLE, WAX MYRTLE).
Other common names: river red gum.
Generic common name: GUM TREE.

Peter Strauss Ranch: riparian zone near creek, June 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic, widely planted.
Thumbnail Picture of Eucalyptus camaldulensis var. camaldulensis

165
Blue Gum *
Eucalyptus globulus


Family: Myrtaceae (MYRTLE, WAX MYRTLE).
Other common names: Eucalyptus, Tasmanian bluegum.
Generic common name: GUM TREE.

Circle X Ranch: Campgrounds, oak woodland, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Large, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic, widely planted.
Thumbnail Picture of Eucalyptus globulus


Family Onagraceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Myrtales)

166
Willow-herb Clarkia
Clarkia epilobioides


Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: canyon clarkia.
Generic common name: CLARKIA, GODETIA.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Clarkia epilobioides

167
Willow-herb
Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum


Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: fringed willowherb, Northern willow herb, American willow herb.
Generic common name: FIREWEED, WILLOW HERB.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, intermittent streambed, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum

168
Shredding Primrose
Eremothera boothii ssp. decorticans

TJM1: Camissonia boothii ssp. decorticans.

Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: Booth's evening primrose, Booth's sun cup, redish shredding primrose.
Generic common name: EVENING PRIMROSE.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Cheeseboro Ridge Trail, burned valley grassland, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Eremothera boothii ssp. decorticans


Family Polygalaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Polygalales)

169
Fish's Milkwort
Polygala cornuta var. fishiae


Family: Polygalaceae (MILKWORT).
Other common names: Sierra milkwort.
Generic common name: MILKWORT, POLYGALA.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, oak woodland, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 4.3.
Thumbnail Picture of Polygala cornuta var. fishiae


Family Rhamnaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rhamnales)

170
Hoary-leaved Ceanothus
Ceanothus crassifolius var. crassifolius

TJM1: Ceanothus crassifolius.

Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN).
Generic common name: CALIFORNIA-LILAC, CEANOTHUS.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, chaparral, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ceanothus crassifolius var. crassifolius

171
Buck Brush
Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus


Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN).
Other common names: California lilac, wild lilac, soap bush, wedgeleaf ceanothus.
Generic common name: CALIFORNIA-LILAC, CEANOTHUS.

Peter Strauss Ranch: Peter Strauss Trail, chaparral, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus

172
Bigpod Ceanothus
Ceanothus megacarpus var. megacarpus


Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN).
Generic common name: CALIFORNIA-LILAC, CEANOTHUS.

Circle X Ranch: Sandstone Peak Trail, chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ceanothus megacarpus var. megacarpus

173
Greenbark Ceanothus
Ceanothus spinosus


Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN).
Other common names: redheart.
Generic common name: CALIFORNIA-LILAC, CEANOTHUS.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ceanothus spinosus

174
California coffeeberry
Frangula californica ssp. californica

TJM1: Rhamnus californica ssp. californica.

Family: Rhamnaceae (BUCKTHORN).
Other common names: coffeeberry.
Generic common name: COFFEE BERRY.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, oak woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Frangula californica ssp. californica


Family Crassulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

175
Blochman's Live-forever
Dudleya blochmaniae ssp. blochmaniae


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: Blochman's Dudleya.
Generic common name: DUDLEYA, LIVEFOREVER.

Zuma/Trancas Canyons: Lower Zuma, Ocean View Trail, sage scrub, June 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.1.
Thumbnail Picture of Dudleya blochmaniae ssp. blochmaniae


Family Grossulariaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

176
Hillside Gooseberry
Ribes californicum

ANF: Ribes californicum var. hesperium.

Family: Grossulariaceae (GOOSEBERRY).
Other common names: California gooseberry.
Generic common name: CURRANT, GOOSEBERRY.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, oak woodland, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ribes californicum

177
White Chaparral Currant
Ribes indecorum

Other scientific names: Ribes malvaceum var. indecorum.

Family: Grossulariaceae (GOOSEBERRY).
Other common names: whiteflower currant.
Generic common name: CURRANT, GOOSEBERRY.

Stunt Road, chaparral, Jan 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Ribes indecorum


Family Pittosporaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

178
Australian Cheesewood *
Pittosporum undulatum


Family: Pittosporaceae (PITTOSPORUM).
Other common names: Victorian box, mock orange.
Generic common name: CHEESEWOOD.

Feb 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pittosporum undulatum


Family Rosaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

179
Chamise
Adenostoma fasciculatum var. fasciculatum


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Generic common name: CHAMISE.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Adenostoma fasciculatum var. fasciculatum

180
Redshank
Adenostoma sparsifolium


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Generic common name: CHAMISE.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Adenostoma sparsifolium

181
Southern Mountain Misery
Chamaebatia australis


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: Southern bearclover.
Generic common name: MOUNTAIN MISERY.

Rocky Oaks: northwest end beyond the Rocky Oaks Loop Trail, chaparral, April 2012.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaebatia australis

182
Silverleaf Cotoneaster *
Cotoneaster pannosus


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: woolly cotoneaster.
Generic common name: COTONEASTER.

Camarillo Grove County Park: disturbed area near picnic grounds, July 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

As an escaped cultivar it is generally given a 'Waif' status.
Thumbnail Picture of Cotoneaster pannosus

183
Sticky Cinquefoil
Drymocallis glandulosa ssp. wrangelliana

TJM1: Potentilla glandulosa ssp. glandulosa.

Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: glandular five finger, gland cinquefoil.
Generic common name: CINQUEFOIL.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Drymocallis glandulosa ssp. wrangelliana

184
Loquat *
Eriobotrya japonica


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Generic common name: LOQUAT.

Riparian Woodland, March 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriobotrya japonica

185
Toyon
Heteromeles arbutifolia


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: Christmas berry.
Generic common name: CHRISTMAS BERRY, TOYON.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Heteromeles arbutifolia

186
Cream Bush
Holodiscus discolor var. discolor


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: ocean spray.
Generic common name: OCEANSPRAY.

Point Mugu State Park: Serrano Canyon Trail, riparian woodland, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Holodiscus discolor var. discolor

187
Wedgeleaf Horkelia
Horkelia cuneata var. cuneata

TJM1: Horkelia cuneata ssp. cuneata.

Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Generic common name: HORKELIA.

Charmlee Wilderness Park: oak woodland, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Horkelia cuneata var. cuneata

188
Hollyleaf Cherry
Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Generic common name: PLUM.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia

189
Catalina Cherry
Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: island cherry, hollyleaf cherry.
Generic common name: PLUM.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: dirt access road near salt marsh, Dec 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii

190
Narrow-leaved Firethorn *
Pyracantha angustifolia


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: slender firethorn, woolly firethorn.
Generic common name: FIRETHORN.

Santa Ynez Canyon: Santa Ynez Canyon Trail, oak woodland, May 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pyracantha angustifolia

191
Himalayan blackberry *
Rubus armeniacus

TJM1: Rubus discolor.

Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: Himalaya-berry.
Generic common name: BLACKBERRY, RASPBERRY.

Rocky Oaks: west end beyond the Rocky Oaks Loop Trail, riparian woodland, June 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Rubus armeniacus

192
California Blackberry
Rubus ursinus


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: pacific blackberry.
Generic common name: BLACKBERRY, RASPBERRY.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rubus ursinus


Family Saxifragaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

193
Coast Boykinia
Boykinia occidentalis


Family: Saxifragaceae (SAXIFRAGE).
Other common names: western boykinia, coastal brookfoam.
Generic common name: BROOKFOAM.

Santa Ynez Canyon: near Santa Ynez Canyon Trail, rock wall at streamside, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Boykinia occidentalis

194
Round-leaf Boykinia
Boykinia rotundifolia


Family: Saxifragaceae (SAXIFRAGE).
Other common names: roundleaf brookfoam.
Generic common name: BROOKFOAM.

Point Mugu State Park: Waterfall Trail, riparian woodland, June 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Boykinia rotundifolia

195
Woodland Star
Lithophragma affine


Family: Saxifragaceae (SAXIFRAGE).
Other common names: San Francisco woodland-star.
Generic common name: WOODLAND STAR.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lithophragma affine

196
Mission Woodland-star
Lithophragma cymbalaria


Family: Saxifragaceae (SAXIFRAGE).
Other common names: mission star.
Generic common name: WOODLAND STAR.

Leo Carrillo State Park: Nicholas Flat, Nicholas Flat Trail, oak woodland, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lithophragma cymbalaria

197
California Saxifrage
Micranthes californica

TJM1: Saxifraga californica.

Family: Saxifragaceae (SAXIFRAGE).
Other common names: Greene's saxifrage.
Generic common name: MICRANTHES.

Circle X Ranch: Sandstone Peak Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Micranthes californica


Family Apiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Apiales)

198
Bur-chervil *
Anthriscus caucalis


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Generic common name: CHERVIL.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead: riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Anthriscus caucalis

199
Wild Celery
Apiastrum angustifolium


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: mock parsley, wild parsley.
Generic common name: APIASTRUM.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Sheep Corral Trail, burned chaparral, April 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Apiastrum angustifolium

200
Celery *
Apium graveolens


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: wild celery, garden celery.
Generic common name: CELERY.

Point Mugu State Park: Wood Canyon Fire Road, riparian woodland, June 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Apium graveolens

201
Water Parsnip
Berula erecta


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: cutleaf waterparsnip.
Generic common name: CUTLEAF WATER-PARSNIP, WATERPARSNIP.

Point Mugu State Park: La Jolla Canyon Trail, riparian, Aug 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Berula erecta

202
Hoary Bowlesia *
Bowlesia incana


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Generic common name: BOWLESIA.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: oak woodland, April 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Bowlesia incana

203
Poison Hemlock *
Conium maculatum


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Generic common name: POISON HEMLOCK.

Point Mugu State Park: Big Sycamore Canyon Trail, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Conium maculatum

204
Marsh Parsley *
Cyclospermum leptophyllum

TJM1: Ciclospermum leptophyllum.
Other scientific names: Apium leptophyllum.

Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Generic common name: MARSH PARSLEY.

Thousand Oaks: Lawns and disturbed areas, Aug 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cyclospermum leptophyllum

205
Queen Anne's Lace *
Daucus carota


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: carrot, wild carrot.
Generic common name: WILD CARROT, CARROT.

Wildwood Park: Las Flores Trail, riparian woodland, Aug 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Daucus carota

206
Rattlesnake Weed
Daucus pusillus


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: American wild carrot.
Generic common name: WILD CARROT, CARROT.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Daucus pusillus

207
Woolly Lomatium
Lomatium dasycarpum ssp. dasycarpum


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: woollyfruit desertparsley, hog fennel, lace parsnip.
Generic common name: DESERTPARSLEY.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lomatium dasycarpum ssp. dasycarpum

208
Sweet Cicely
Osmorhiza brachypoda


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: California sweetcicely.
Generic common name: SWEETROOT, SWEET-CICELY.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Osmorhiza brachypoda

209
Venus' Needle *
Scandix pecten-veneris


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: shepherd's needle.
Generic common name: SCANDIX.

Disturbed areas, May 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Scandix pecten-veneris

210
Spreading Hedge-parsley *
Torilis arvensis


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: hedge parsley.
Generic common name: HEDGEPARSLEY.

Zuma/Trancas Canyons: Lower Zuma, Zuma Canyon Trail, disturbed valley grassland, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Torilis arvensis

211
Knotted Hedge-parsley *
Torilis nodosa


Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: wild parsley.
Generic common name: HEDGEPARSLEY.

Disturbed areas, April 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Torilis nodosa

212
California hedge parsley
Yabea microcarpa

Other scientific names: Caucalis microcarpa.

Family: Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: false carrot.
Generic common name: YABEA.

Triunfo Canyon Park: chaparral, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Yabea microcarpa


Family Araliaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Apiales)

213
Whorled Marsh Pennywort
Hydrocotyle verticillata


Family: Araliaceae (GINSENG), Apiaceae (CARROT).
Other common names: whorled marshpennywort.
Generic common name: MARSH PENNYWORT.

Malibu Creek State Park: Crags Road, riparian woodland, streamside, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Hydrocotyle verticillata


Family Cornaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Cornales)

214
Brown Dogwood
Cornus glabrata


Family: Cornaceae (DOGWOOD).
Generic common name: DOGWOOD.

Malibu Creek near Malibu Creek State Park: riparian woodland, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cornus glabrata


Family Garryaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Cornales)

215
Silk-tassel Bush
Garrya veatchii


Family: Garryaceae (SILK TASSEL).
Other common names: canyon silktassel, southern silk tassel, Veatch silktassel.
Generic common name: SILK TASSEL BUSH.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, oak woodland, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Garrya veatchii


Family Euphorbiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Euphorbiales)

216
Rattlesnake Weed
Chamaesyce albomarginata

FNA: Euphorbia albomarginata.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: whitemargin sandmat.
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Bell Canyon Open Space: cleared fire break, Oct 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce albomarginata

217
Spotted Spurge *
Chamaesyce maculata

FNA: Euphorbia maculata.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: spotted sandmat.
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Circle X Ranch: disturbed areas and roadsides, August 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce maculata

218
Red-gland Spurge
Chamaesyce melanadenia

FNA: Euphorbia melanadenia.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Griffith Park: Mt. Hollywood Trail, Disturbed trail cut (Coastal Sage Scrub) March 2013.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce melanadenia

219
Prostrate Spurge
Chamaesyce polycarpa

FNA: Euphorbia polycarpa.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: small seeded spurge, smallseed sandmat.
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Point Mugu State Park: Serrano Canyon Trail, sage brush, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce polycarpa

220
Prostrate Sandmat *
Chamaesyce prostrata

FNA: Euphorbia prostrata.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: prostrate spurge.
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Thousand Oaks: sidewalk paving cracks, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce prostrata

221
Matted Sandmat *
Chamaesyce serpens

FNA: Euphorbia serpens.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: creeping spurge.
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Circle X Ranch: disturbed areas and road margins, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce serpens

222
Thyme-leaved Spurge
Chamaesyce serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifolia

FNA: Euphorbia serpyllifolia var. serpyllifolia.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: thymeleaf sandmat.
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Mulholland Highway roadside near Seminole Hot Springs, July 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifolia

223
Castor Bean *
Ricinus communis


Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Generic common name: CASTOR BEAN, RICINUS.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Ricinus communis


Family Fabaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Fabales)

224
Ventura Marsh Milkvetch
Astragalus pycnostachyus var. lanosissimus


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Generic common name: MILKVETCH.

coastal strand: Ventura, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Green, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 1B.1

Photographed slightly out of range for SAMO, but an important species of interest. For decades it was presumed extinct until a small population was discovered in a Ventura oil field. There has been a significant effort to bring this unique species back from the brink of extinction.
Thumbnail Picture of Astragalus pycnostachyus var. lanosissimus

225
Wild Licorice
Glycyrrhiza lepidota


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: American licorice.
Generic common name: LICORICE.

Wildwood Park: Wildwood Canyon Trail, open roadside near riparian woodland, June 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Glycyrrhiza lepidota

226
Perennial Sweet Pea *
Lathyrus latifolius


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: everlasting pea, perennial pea.
Generic common name: WILD PEA, PEA.

Paramount Ranch: Backdrop Trail, valley grassland, May 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Lathyrus latifolius

227
Wild Sweet Pea
Lathyrus vestitus var. vestitus


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: pacific pea, Bolander's pea, common pacific pea.
Generic common name: WILD PEA, PEA.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, oak woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lathyrus vestitus var. vestitus

228
White Sweet Clover *
Melilotus albus

TJM1: Melilotus alba.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Generic common name: SWEETCLOVER.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Melilotus albus

229
Black Locust *
Robinia pseudoacacia


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: false acacia.
Generic common name: LOCUST.

Soka University: May 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Robinia pseudoacacia

230
White Clover *
Trifolium repens


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Generic common name: CLOVER.

Disturbed and urban areas with adequate moisture (common in lawns), Aug 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Trifolium repens


Family Anacardiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Sapindales)

231
Laurel Sumac
Malosma laurina


Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW).
Generic common name: LAUREL SUMAC.

Solstice Canyon: TWR Loop Trail, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Malosma laurina

232
Basket Brush
Rhus aromatica

TJM1: Rhus trilobata.

Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW).
Other common names: skunk bush, skunkbush sumac.
Generic common name: SUMAC.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rhus aromatica

233
Lemonadeberry
Rhus integrifolia


Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW).
Other common names: lemonade sumac.
Generic common name: SUMAC.

Point Mugu State Park: Big Sycamore Canyon Trail, sage scrub, February 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rhus integrifolia

234
Sugar Bush
Rhus ovata


Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW).
Other common names: sugar sumac.
Generic common name: SUMAC.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rhus ovata

235
Peruvian Pepper Tree *
Schinus molle


Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW).
Generic common name: PEPPER TREE.

Circle X Ranch: Campground, oak woodland, May 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Schinus molle

236
Brazilian Pepper Tree *
Schinus terebinthifolius


Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW).
Generic common name: PEPPER TREE.

Circle X Ranch: Campground, oak woodland, November 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Schinus terebinthifolius

237
Poison Oak
Toxicodendron diversilobum


Family: Anacardiaceae (SUMAC, CASHEW).
Other common names: Pacific poison oak, western poison oak.
Generic common name: POISON OAK, POISON IVY.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Toxicodendron diversilobum


Family Simaroubaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Sapindales)

238
Tree of Heaven *
Ailanthus altissima


Family: Simaroubaceae (QUASSIA, SIMAROUBA).
Other common names: stink tree.
Generic common name: AILANTHUS.

Encinal Canyon Road: disturbed margin near chaparral, June 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic

The flower forms include male, female, and perfect. Further, these can occur in various combinations on individuals.
Thumbnail Picture of Ailanthus altissima


Family Brassicaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Capparales)

239
Mouse-ear Cress *
Arabidopsis thaliana


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: thale cress, mouse ear, arabidopsis.
Generic common name: ROCKCRESS.

Griffith Park: Grassland on a steep rocky slope near Mt. Hollywood Dr., March 2013.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Widely used in the study of Plant Sciences, Arabidopsis thaliana is notable as the first plant to have its genome sequenced.
Thumbnail Picture of Arabidopsis thaliana

240
Dwarf Athysanus
Athysanus pusillus


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: common sandweed.
Generic common name: SANDWEED.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, streamside, May 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Athysanus pusillus

241
Shepherd's Purse *
Capsella bursa-pastoris


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Generic common name: SHEPHERD'S PURSE, CAPSELLA.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, sage scrub Feb 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Capsella bursa-pastoris

242
Milkmaids
Cardamine californica


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: California toothwort, bitter cress, toothwort.
Generic common name: BITTER-CRESS, TOOTHWORT.

Backbone Trail between Latigo and Corral Trailheads: oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cardamine californica

243
Little Western Bittercress
Cardamine oligosperma


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: Nuttallís bittercress.
Generic common name: BITTER-CRESS, TOOTHWORT.

Triunfo Canyon Park: rocky slope, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cardamine oligosperma

244
Jewel Flower
Caulanthus heterophyllus


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: slender pod jewelflower, San Diego wild cabbage.
Generic common name: JEWELFLOWER, WILD CABBAGE.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Sheep Corral Trail, burned chaparral, April 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Caulanthus heterophyllus

245
California Mustard
Caulanthus lasiophyllus

TJM1: Guillenia lasiophylla.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: shaggy thelypod.
Generic common name: JEWELFLOWER, WILD CABBAGE.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Sheep Corral Trail, burned chaparral, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Caulanthus lasiophyllus

246
Rock Cress
Draba cuneifolia


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: wedge-leaf draba, wedge-leaf whitlow grass.
Generic common name: DRABA.

Point Mugu State Park: Chumash Trail, coastal sage scrub, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Pictures taken over a several year period. Despite numerous visits I have never seen the flowers fully open.
Thumbnail Picture of Draba cuneifolia

247
Lesser Swine Cress *
Lepidium didymum

TJM1: Coronopus didymus.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

PCH graded shoulder near Mugu Rock, coastal sage scrub, July 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium didymum

248
Heart-Podded Hoary Cress
Lepidium draba

TJM1: Cardaria draba.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: Hoary Cress.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Old Topanga Road: disturbed shoulder margin, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium draba

249
Perennial Peppergrass *
Lepidium latifolium


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: perennial pepperweed, broad leaved pepper grass, broadleaved pepperweed.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Arroyo Sequit: entrance road shoulder, sage scrub, June 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium latifolium

250
Dwarf Peppergrass
Lepidium latipes


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: San Diego pepperweed.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Cheeseboro, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium latipes

251
Shiny Peppergrass
Lepidium nitidum


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: shining pepperweed, peppergrass, tongue grass.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, grassland, March 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium nitidum

252
Sweet Alyssum *
Lobularia maritima


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Generic common name: SWEET ALYSSUM, LOBULARIA.

Point Dume Natural Preserve: coastal sage scrub, March 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Lobularia maritima

253
Water Cress
Nasturtium officinale

TJM1: Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Generic common name: WATER CRESS.

Malibu Creek State Park: Mott Road, quiet stream aquatic, June 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Nasturtium officinale

254
Santa Cruz Island Fringepod
Thysanocarpus conchuliferus


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: cupped fringepod, SantaCruz Island lacepod.
Generic common name: LACEPOD, FRINGEPOD.

Circle X Ranch, rocky slope, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Thysanocarpus conchuliferus

255
Lace-pod
Thysanocarpus curvipes


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: sand fringepod, hairy fringe-pod, hairy lacepod.
Generic common name: LACEPOD, FRINGEPOD.

Circle X Ranch: Sandstone Peak Trail, rocky slopes, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Thysanocarpus curvipes

256
Narrow-leaved Fringe-pod
Thysanocarpus laciniatus var. laciniatus

TJM1: Thysanocarpus laciniatus.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: mountain fringepod, common lace pod.
Generic common name: LACEPOD, FRINGEPOD.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Thysanocarpus laciniatus var. laciniatus

257
Tower Mustard
Turritis glabra

TJM1: Arabis glabra.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: tower rockcress.
Generic common name: ROCKCRESS.

Santa Ynez Canyon: Santa Ynez Canyon Trail, oak woodland, May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Turritis glabra


Family Ericaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Ericales)

258
Eastwood Manzanita
Arctostaphylos glandulosa


Family: Ericaceae (HEATH).
Generic common name: MANZANITA.

Circle X Ranch: Sandstone Peak Trail, chaparral, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Arctostaphylos glandulosa

259
Bigberry Manzanita
Arctostaphylos glauca


Family: Ericaceae (HEATH).
Generic common name: MANZANITA.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, Jan 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Arctostaphylos glauca

260
Summer Holly
Comarostaphylis diversifolia ssp. planifolia


Family: Ericaceae (HEATH).
Other common names: flat leaf summer holly.
Generic common name: SUMMER HOLLY.

Malibu Creek State Park: Backbone Trail above Tapia, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Comarostaphylis diversifolia ssp. planifolia


Family Malvaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Malvales)

261
Alkali-mallow
Malvella leprosa


Family: Malvaceae (MALLOW).
Other common names: Whiteweed.
Generic common name: ALKALI-MALLOW, MALLOW.

Camarillo agricultural fields: waste areas throughout, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.

Note: has NOXIOUS WEED status.
Thumbnail Picture of Malvella leprosa


Family Theophrastaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Primulales)

262
Water Pimpernel
Samolus parviflorus


Family: Theophrastaceae (THEOPHRASTACEAE), Primulaceae (PRIMROSE).
Generic common name: WATER PIMPERNEL, BROOKWEED.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Samolus parviflorus


Family Cistaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Violales)

263
Crimson-spot Rockrose *
Cistus ladanifer


Family: Cistaceae (ROCK-ROSE).
Other common names: gum cistus, common gum cistus, resinous rockrose.
Generic common name: ROCK-ROSE.

Tuna Canyon Park: disturbed chaparral, January 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cistus ladanifer


Family Cucurbitaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Violales)

264
Wild Cucumber
Marah macrocarpa

TJM1: Marah macrocarpus.

Family: Cucurbitaceae (GOURD).
Other common names: Manroot, Cucamonga manroot, Chilicothe.
Generic common name: MANROOT, WILD CUCUMBER.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Marah macrocarpa


Family Passifloraceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Violales)

265
Blue Passion Flower *
Passiflora caerulea


Family: Passifloraceae (PASSION FLOWER).
Other common names: blue passion vine, bluecrown passionflower.
Generic common name: PASSION FLOWER.

Griffith Park: disturbed coastal sage scrub, June 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Blue, Large, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Passiflora caerulea


Family Fagaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Fagales)

266
Valley Oak
Quercus lobata


Family: Fagaceae (BEECH, OAK).
Other common names: California white oak.
Generic common name: OAK.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: valley grassland, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Quercus lobata


Family Platanaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Hamamelidales)

267
Western Sycamore
Platanus racemosa


Family: Platanaceae (SYCAMORE).
Other common names: California sycamore, aliso, planetree.
Generic common name: SYCAMORE, PLANE TREE.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Platanus racemosa


Family Saururaceae (Magnoliopsida | Magnoliidae | Piperales)

268
Yerba Mansa
Anemopsis californica


Family: Saururaceae (LIZARD-TAIL).
Generic common name: YERBA MANSA.

Point Mugu State Park: Thornhill Broome Beach, coastal strand, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Large, Solitary, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: the classification of this family as presented in TJM2 is now very different from the classic taxonomic classification system proposed decades ago by Cronquist. We still use the Cronquist system as it seems more suited to our desire to sort the flowers by visual similarity.
Thumbnail Picture of Anemopsis californica


Family Ranunculaceae (Magnoliopsida | Magnoliidae | Ranunculales)

269
Virgin's Bower
Clematis lasiantha


Family: Ranunculaceae (BUTTERCUP).
Other common names: chaparral clematis, pipestem clematis, pipestems.
Generic common name: VIRGIN'S BOWER, LEATHER FLOWER, CLEMATIS.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, oak woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Clematis lasiantha

270
Western Virgin's Bower
Clematis ligusticifolia


Family: Ranunculaceae (BUTTERCUP).
Other common names: western white clematis, yerba de chiva.
Generic common name: VIRGIN'S BOWER, LEATHER FLOWER, CLEMATIS.

Solstice Canyon: Solstice Canyon Trail, oak woodland, Aug 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Clematis ligusticifolia

271
Hairy-fruited Buttercup
Ranunculus hebecarpus


Family: Ranunculaceae (BUTTERCUP).
Other common names: delicate buttercup, slender annual buttercup, pubescent fruited buttercup.
Generic common name: BUTTERCUP.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Green, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ranunculus hebecarpus


Family Alismataceae (Liliopsida | Alismatidae | Alismatales)

272
Water Plantain
Alisma triviale

TJM1: Alisma plantago-aquatica.

Family: Alismataceae (WATER-PLANTAIN).
Other common names: northern water plantain.
Generic common name: WATER PLANTAIN.

Zuma/Trancas Canyons: Upper Zuma Canyon, streamside, September 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Has been identified as Alisma plantago-aquatica in the past.
Thumbnail Picture of Alisma triviale

273
Burhead
Echinodorus berteroi


Family: Alismataceae (WATER-PLANTAIN).
Other common names: upright burrhead.
Generic common name: BURHEAD.

Rocky Oaks: Rocky Oaks Pond, pond aquatic, September 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Echinodorus berteroi


Family Araceae (Liliopsida | Arecidae | Arales)

274
Water Lettuce *
Pistia stratiotes


Family: Araceae (ARUM).
Generic common name: WATER-LETTUCE.

Open water, June 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Green, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer, Fall.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Pistia stratiotes


Family Arecaceae (Liliopsida | Arecidae | Arecales)

275
Canary Island Date Palm *
Phoenix canariensis


Family: Arecaceae (PALM).
Other common names: Canary island palm.
Generic common name: DATE PALM.

Campus of CSUCI: wet disturbed area adjacent to coastal sage scrub, Aug 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Phoenix canariensis

276
Mexican Fan Palm *
Washingtonia robusta


Family: Arecaceae (PALM).
Other common names: Washington fan palm, Sonoran fan palm.
Generic common name: FAN PALM.

Wildwood Park: riparian woodland, June 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Washingtonia robusta


Family Agavaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

277
Soap Plant
Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum


Family: Agavaceae (AGAVE, CENTURY PLANT), Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: amole, soaproot, wavyleaf soap plant.
Generic common name: SOAP PLANT, AMOLE.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum

278
Our Lord's candle
Hesperoyucca whipplei

TJM1: Yucca whipplei.

Family: Agavaceae (AGAVE, CENTURY PLANT), Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: chaparral yucca.
Generic common name: SPANISH BAYONET, YUCCA.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Hesperoyucca whipplei


Family Alliaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

279
Red-skinned Onion
Allium haematochiton


Family: Alliaceae (ONION, GARLIC), Liliaceae (LILY).
Generic common name: ONION, GARLIC.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Allium haematochiton

280
Naples Garlic
Allium neapolitanum


Family: Alliaceae (ONION, GARLIC), Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: white garlic, daffodil garlic.
Generic common name: ONION, GARLIC.

Triunfo Canyon Park: disturbed area near the reservoir, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Allium neapolitanum


Family Asparagaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

281
Smilax Asparagus *
Asparagus asparagoides


Family: Asparagaceae (ASPARAGUS).
Generic common name: ASPARAGUS.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: trailside near salt marsh, March 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Asparagus asparagoides


Family Asphodelaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

282
Onionweed *
Asphodelus fistulosus


Family: Asphodelaceae (ASPHODEL, ALOE), Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: false asphodel, asphodel.
Generic common name: ASPHODEL.

Malibu Creek State Park: Park Service access road, disturbed grassland, May 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic, NOXIOUS WEED.
Thumbnail Picture of Asphodelus fistulosus


Family Liliaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

283
Globe Lily
Calochortus albus


Family: Liliaceae (LILY), Calochortaceae (MARIPOSA LILY).
Other common names: white globe lily, white fairy lantern, fairy lantern.
Generic common name: MARIPOSA LILY.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead: riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Calochortus albus

284
Catalina Mariposa Lily
Calochortus catalinae


Family: Liliaceae (LILY), Calochortaceae (MARIPOSA LILY).
Other common names: Santa Catalina mariposa lily.
Generic common name: MARIPOSA LILY.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, valley grassland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Calochortus catalinae

285
Butterfly Mariposa Lily
Calochortus venustus


Family: Liliaceae (LILY), Calochortaceae (MARIPOSA LILY).
Generic common name: MARIPOSA LILY.

Triunfo Canyon Park: near Triunfo Canyon Road, grassland, May 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Calochortus venustus


Family Melanthiaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

286
Star-lily
Toxicoscordion fremontii

TJM1: Zigadenus fremontii.

Family: Melanthiaceae (BUNCHFLOWER), Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: chaparral zygadene, death camas, Fremont's deathcamas.
Generic common name: DEATH CAMAS.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Toxicoscordion fremontii


Family Ruscaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

287
Peninsular Nolina
Nolina cismontana

TJM1: Nolina parryi.

Family: Ruscaceae (RUSCACEAE), Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: peninsular beargrass, nolina.
Generic common name: BEARGRASS, BUTCHER'S BROOM.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: only recognized as a unique species since 1995, it was not seperated from N. parryi prior to that.
Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Nolina cismontana


Family Themidaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

288
Common Muilla
Muilla maritima


Family: Themidaceae (BRODIAEA), Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: sea muilla.
Generic common name: MUILLA.

Wildwood Park: coastal sage scrub, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Muilla maritima




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