Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area

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266 species matched this search criteria




Family Asteraceae (radiate) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

1
Woolly Aster
Corethrogyne filaginifolia

TJM1: Lessingia filaginifolia.

Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: cudweed aster, common California aster, California aster, common sandaster, cud-aster.
Generic common name: LESSINGIA, CALIFORNIA-ASTER, SAND-ASTER.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Blue, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

This name refers to a complex group that has been recently simplified through consolidation.
Thumbnail Picture of Corethrogyne filaginifolia

2
Garden Cosmos
Cosmos bipinnatus


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Generic common name: COSMOS.

May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.

A cultivated species occasionally escaped near landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Cosmos bipinnatus

3
Cape-Marigold *
Dimorphotheca sinuata


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Namaqualand daisy .
Generic common name: DAISYBUSH, AFRICAN DAISY.

Mulholland Highway shoulder: disturbed road margin, March 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Dimorphotheca sinuata

4
Fleabane Aster
Erigeron foliosus var. foliosus


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: leafy fleabane, thread stemmed fleabane.
Generic common name: FLEABANE DAISY, FLEABANE.

Malibu Creek State Park: Mott Road, disturbed grassland, June 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Erigeron foliosus var. foliosus

5
Gazania *
Gazania linearis


Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: treasureflower.
Generic common name: GAZANIA, TREASURE-FLOWER.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail below Triunfo Peak, sage scrub, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: this garden escapee can be found in many different colors and is called by many different names.
Thumbnail Picture of Gazania linearis

6
Lance-Leaved Aster
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. hesperium

TJM1: Aster lanceolatus ssp. hesperius.

Family: Asteraceae (radiate) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: white-panicled aster.
Generic common name: ASTER.

Paramount Ranch: Medea Creek Trail, riparian woodland, Oct 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Blue, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. hesperium


Family Asteraceae (ray) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

7
Perezia
Acourtia microcephala


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: sacapellote, California desert-peony.
Generic common name: DESERTPEONY.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, sage scrub, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Acourtia microcephala

8
Cliff Aster
Malacothrix saxatilis var. tenuifolia


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: cliff desertdandelion.
Generic common name: DESERTDANDELION.

Circle X Ranch: Contact station, sage scrub, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Malacothrix saxatilis var. tenuifolia

9
Tejon Milk-aster
Stephanomeria cichoriacea


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: chicory leaved stephanomeria, chicoryleaf wirelettuce, Fort Tejon milk aster.
Generic common name: WIRELETTUCE.

Circle X Ranch: Sandstone Peak Trail, sage scrub, July 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Stephanomeria cichoriacea

10
San Diego Milk-aster
Stephanomeria diegensis


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: wreathplant, San Diego wirelettuce.
Generic common name: WIRELETTUCE.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, oak woodland, Aug 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Stephanomeria diegensis

11
Whiteplume Wirelettuce
Stephanomeria exigua ssp. coronaria


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: small-crown wirelettuce.
Generic common name: WIRELETTUCE.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: Near Equestrian parking lot, disturbed grassland, June 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Stephanomeria exigua ssp. coronaria

12
Twiggy Wreath Plant
Stephanomeria virgata


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: virgate stephanomeria, tall stephanomeria, rod wirelettuce.
Generic common name: WIRELETTUCE.

Circle X Ranch: Flagpole Overlook, sage scrub, Aug 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Stephanomeria virgata

13
Oyster Plant *
Tragopogon porrifolius


Family: Asteraceae (ray) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: salsify.
Generic common name: GOAT'S BEARD.

Tapia Park: disturbed grassland, April 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Tragopogon porrifolius


Family Asteraceae (discoid) (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Asterales)

14
Russian Knapweed *
Acroptilon repens


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: hardheads.
Generic common name: RUSSIAN KNAPWEED, HARDHEADS.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: Near Equestrian parking lot, disturbed grassland, June 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: Invasive exotic, NOXIOUS WEED.
Thumbnail Picture of Acroptilon repens

15
Mojave Sagebrush
Artemisia tridentata ssp. parishii


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Parish's sagebrush, big sagebrush.
Generic common name: SAGEBRUSH.

Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space Preserve: coastal sage scrub, Oct 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Artemisia tridentata ssp. parishii

16
Italian Thistle *
Carduus pycnocephalus ssp. pycnocephalus

TJM1: Carduus pycnocephalus.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Italian plumeless thistle.
Generic common name: PLUMELESS THISTLE.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Carduus pycnocephalus ssp. pycnocephalus

17
Purple Star-thistle *
Centaurea calcitrapa


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: red star-thistle.
Generic common name: KNAPWEED, STAR-THISTLE.

Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space: disturbed grassland, June 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic, NOXIOUS WEED.
Thumbnail Picture of Centaurea calcitrapa

18
California Thistle
Cirsium occidentale var. californicum


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: Coulterís thistle, cobweb thistle, Bigelow thistle.
Generic common name: THISTLE.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Members of this group tend to coexist and intergrade..
Thumbnail Picture of Cirsium occidentale var. californicum

19
Cobweb Thistle
Cirsium occidentale var. occidentale


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: western thistle.
Generic common name: THISTLE.

Backbone Trail between Saddle Peak Road and Trippet Ranch: chaparral, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cirsium occidentale var. occidentale

20
Bull Thistle *
Cirsium vulgare


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Generic common name: THISTLE.

Solstice Canyon: TRW Loop Trail, oak woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cirsium vulgare

21
Cardoon *
Cynara cardunculus ssp. cardunculus

TJM1: Cynara cardunculus.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: artichoke thistle, artichoke.
Generic common name: CYNARA.

Arroyo Sequit: Arroyo Sequit Loop Trail, valley grassland, June 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Cynara cardunculus ssp. cardunculus

22
Salt Marsh Fleabane
Pluchea odorata var. odorata

TJM1: Pluchea odorata.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: marsh-fleabane, sweetscent, shrubby camphorweed.
Generic common name: CAMPHORWEED.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, September 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Pluchea odorata var. odorata

23
Pink Everlasting
Pseudognaphalium ramosissimum

TJM1: Gnaphalium ramosissimum.

Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: pink cudweed.
Generic common name: CUDWEED, EVERLASTING.

Ventura County coastal strand, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Biennial.
Thumbnail Picture of Pseudognaphalium ramosissimum

24
Milk-thistle *
Silybum marianum


Family: Asteraceae (discoid) (SUNFLOWER).
Other common names: blessed milkthistle.
Generic common name: MILK-THISTLE.

Solstice Canyon: TRW Loop Trail, oak woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: Invasive exotic, has NOXIOUS WEED status in some states.
Thumbnail Picture of Silybum marianum


Family Caprifoliaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Dipsacales)

25
Snowberry
Symphoricarpos mollis


Family: Caprifoliaceae (HONEYSUCKLE).
Other common names: creeping snowberry, trailing snowberry, trip vine.
Generic common name: WAXBERRY, SNOWBERRY.

Point Mugu State Park: Serrano Canyon Trail, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Symphoricarpos mollis


Family Dipsacaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Dipsacales)

26
Wild Teasel *
Dipsacus fullonum

Other scientific names: Dipsacus sylvestris.

Family: Dipsacaceae (TEASEL).
Other common names: Fuller's teasel.
Generic common name: TEASEL.

Malibu Creek State Park: Crags Road, disturbed riparian woodland, July 2012.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.

Note: Invasive exotic with NOXIOUS WEED status in several US states.
Thumbnail Picture of Dipsacus fullonum


Family Valerianaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Dipsacales)

27
Red Valerian *
Centranthus ruber


Family: Valerianaceae (VALERIAN).
Other common names: Jupiter's beard.
Generic common name: CENTRANTHUS.

Las Flores Road margin, vertical road cut, April 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

A cultivated species occasionally escaped near urban landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Centranthus ruber

28
Long-spurred Plectritic
Plectritis ciliosa


Family: Valerianaceae (VALERIAN).
Other common names: longspur seablush.
Generic common name: SEABLUSH.

Malibu Creek State Park: valley grassland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Plectritis ciliosa


Family Apocynaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Gentianales)

29
White Bladderflower *
Araujia sericifera


Family: Apocynaceae (DOGBANE), Asclepiadaceae (MILKWEED).
Generic common name: BLADDER-FLOWER.

Long Grade Canyon: West Potrero Road shoulder, chaparral, June 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Araujia sericifera

30
California Milkweed
Asclepias californica


Family: Apocynaceae (DOGBANE), Asclepiadaceae (MILKWEED).
Other common names: round-hooded milkweed.
Generic common name: MILKWEED.

Malibu Creek State Park: Crags Road, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Asclepias californica

31
Indian Milkweed
Asclepias eriocarpa


Family: Apocynaceae (DOGBANE), Asclepiadaceae (MILKWEED).
Other common names: Kotolo milkweed, woollypod milkweed.
Generic common name: MILKWEED.

Malibu Creek State Park: Crags Road, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Asclepias eriocarpa

32
Narrow-leaved Milkweed
Asclepias fascicularis


Family: Apocynaceae (DOGBANE), Asclepiadaceae (MILKWEED).
Other common names: Mexican whorled milkweed.
Generic common name: MILKWEED.

Circle X Ranch: group campground access road shoulder, sage scrub, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Asclepias fascicularis

33
Climbing Milkweed
Funastrum cynanchoides var. hartwegii

TJM1: Sarcostemma cynanchoides ssp. hartwegii.

Family: Apocynaceae (DOGBANE), Asclepiadaceae (MILKWEED).
Other common names: Hartweg's twinevine.
Generic common name: CLIMBING MILKWEED, VINE MILKWEED.

Runyon Canyon: coastal sage scrub, August 2012.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Funastrum cynanchoides var. hartwegii

34
Oleander *
Nerium oleander

TJM1: Not Listed.

Family: Apocynaceae (DOGBANE).
Other common names: common oleander.
Generic common name: OLEANDER.

Multiple environments with previous landscaping, Sept 2010 .

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

Cultivar. Does not appear to be reproducing in California.
Thumbnail Picture of Nerium oleander


Family Gentianaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Gentianales)

35
Desert Centaury
Zeltnera exaltata

TJM1: Centaurium exaltatum.

Family: Gentianaceae (GENTIAN).
Other common names: spring loving centaury, cancha lagua, tall centaury.
Generic common name: CENTAURY.

Circle X Ranch: rocky streambed, June 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Zeltnera exaltata

36
Canchalagua
Zeltnera venusta

TJM1: Centaurium venustum.

Family: Gentianaceae (GENTIAN).
Other common names: beautiful centaury, charming centaury, California centaury.
Generic common name: CENTAURY.

Paramount Ranch: Medea Creek Trail, valley grassland, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Zeltnera venusta


Family Boraginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Lamiales)

37
Yerba Santa
Eriodictyon crassifolium var. nigrescens


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF).
Other common names: bicolored yerba santa, felt leaved Yerba Santa.
Generic common name: YERBA SANTA.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriodictyon crassifolium var. nigrescens

38
Yellow-throated Phacelia
Phacelia brachyloba


Family: Boraginaceae (BORAGE), Hydrophyllaceae (WATERLEAF).
Other common names: shortlobe phacelia.
Generic common name: PHACELIA.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Phacelia brachyloba


Family Lamiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Lamiales)

39
Yerba Buena
Clinopodium douglasii

TJM1: Satureja douglasii.

Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Generic common name: SAVORY.

Topanga State Park: Rustic Canyon trail, riparian woodland, June 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Clinopodium douglasii

40
Henbit *
Lamium amplexicaule


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Other common names: henbit deadnettle, dead nettle, giraffe's head.
Generic common name: DEAD NETTLE.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral Feb 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Lamium amplexicaule

41
Pitcher Sage
Lepechinia fragrans


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Other common names: fragrant pitcher sage, island pitchersage.
Generic common name: PITCHER SAGE.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepechinia fragrans

42
Pennyroyal *
Mentha pulegium


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Generic common name: MINT.

Lake Sherwood: shore margin: Sept 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Small, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Mentha pulegium

43
Spearmint *
Mentha spicata


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Generic common name: MINT.

Zuma/Trancas Canyons: Upper Zuma Canyon, streamside, September 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Mentha spicata

44
White Sage
Salvia apiana


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Generic common name: SAGE.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Salvia apiana

45
Purple Sage
Salvia leucophylla


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Other common names: San Luis purple sage.
Generic common name: SAGE.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, sage brush, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Salvia leucophylla

46
Crimson Pitcher Sage
Salvia spathacea


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Other common names: hummingbird sage, pitcher sage.
Generic common name: SAGE.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, oak woodland April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Salvia spathacea

47
Hedge-nettle
Stachys bullata


Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Other common names: California hedgenettle, wood mint.
Generic common name: HEDGE NETTLE.

Circle X Ranch: New Backbone Trail, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Stachys bullata

48
Rigid Hedge Nettle
Stachys rigida var. quercetorum

TJM1: Stachys ajugoides var. quercetorum.

Family: Lamiaceae (MINT).
Other common names: rough hedgenettle.
Generic common name: HEDGE NETTLE.

Solstice Canyon: Solstice Canyon Road, oak woodland, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Stachys rigida var. quercetorum


Family Verbenaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Lamiales)

49
Weeping Lantana *
Lantana montevidensis


Family: Verbenaceae (VERVAIN).
Other common names: trailing shrubverbena, trailing lantana.
Generic common name: LANTANA.

Disturbed roadsides and waste areas, Feb 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Lantana montevidensis

50
Bigbract Verbena
Verbena bracteata


Family: Verbenaceae (VERVAIN).
Other common names: bracted verbena, prostrate vervain.
Generic common name: VERVAIN.

Day Canyon: drying bottom and margin of an ephemeral pool, July 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Verbena bracteata

51
Common Vervain
Verbena lasiostachys var. scabrida


Family: Verbenaceae (VERVAIN).
Other common names: vervain, common verbena, western verbena.
Generic common name: VERVAIN.

Point Mugu State Park: Big Sycamore Canyon Trail, oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Verbena lasiostachys var. scabrida


Family Plantaginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Plantaginales)

52
Rose Snapdragon
Antirrhinum multiflorum

FNA: Sairocarpus multiflorus.

Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: withered snapdragon, chaparral snapdragon, sticky snapdragon, bush snapdragon.
Generic common name: SNAPDRAGON.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, chaparral, July 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Antirrhinum multiflorum

53
Showy Island Snapdragon
Gambelia speciosa

TJM1: Galvezia speciosa.

Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: showy greenbright, galvezia.
Generic common name: GREENBRIGHT.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: trailside near salt marsh, Dec 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter.
Thumbnail Picture of Gambelia speciosa

54
Heart-leaved Penstemon
Keckiella cordifolia


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: heartleaf keckiella, climbing penstemon, scarlet-honeysuckle, honeysuckle penstemon.
Generic common name: KECKIELLA.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Keckiella cordifolia

55
Fluellin *
Kickxia elatine


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: sharpleaf cancerwort, sharp leaved fluellin, sharp point fluellin.
Generic common name: FLUELLIN, CANCERWORT.

Mulholland Highway: disturbed margin, June 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Red, Blue, Medium, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Kickxia elatine

56
Morrocan Toadflax
Linaria maroccana


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN).
Generic common name: TOADFLAX.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, thin soiled grassland, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Yellow, Red, Blue, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Garden escapee, probably deliberately spread by hikers.
Thumbnail Picture of Linaria maroccana

57
Scarlet Bugler
Penstemon centranthifolius


Family: Plantaginaceae (PLANTAIN), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Generic common name: BEARDTONGUE, PENSTEMON.

Backbone Trail between Latigo and Corral Trailheads: oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Penstemon centranthifolius


Family Rubiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Rubiales)

58
Wall Bedstraw *
Galium parisiense


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Generic common name: BEDSTRAW, CLEAVERS.

Circle X Ranch: Triunfo Backbone Trail, disturbed trail margin in chaparral, April 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Galium parisiense

59
Field Madder *
Sherardia arvensis


Family: Rubiaceae (BEDSTRAW).
Other common names: blue fieldmadder.
Generic common name: FIELD MADDER, SPURWORT.

Cabrillo National Monument: April 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Sherardia arvensis


Family Orobanchaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Scrophulariales)

60
Indian Paintbrush
Castilleja affinis ssp. affinis


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: coast Indian paintbrush.
Generic common name: INDIAN PAINTBRUSH, OWL'S-CLOVER.

Point Mugu State Park: Serrano Road shoulder, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Large, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Castilleja affinis ssp. affinis

61
Purple Owl's Clover
Castilleja exserta ssp. exserta


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: exserted Indian paintbrush.
Generic common name: INDIAN PAINTBRUSH, OWL'S-CLOVER.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Castilleja exserta ssp. exserta

62
Woolly Paintbrush
Castilleja foliolosa


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: Texas Indian paintbrush, woolly Indian paintbrush.
Generic common name: INDIAN PAINTBRUSH, OWL'S-CLOVER.

Point Mugu State Park: Serrano Canyon Trail, sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Castilleja foliolosa

63
Annual Paintbrush
Castilleja minor ssp. spiralis


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: lesser Indian paintbrush, little paintbrush, annual Indian paintbrush, California threadtorch.
Generic common name: INDIAN PAINTBRUSH, OWL'S-CLOVER.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Castilleja minor ssp. spiralis

64
Salt Marsh Birdís-Beak
Chloropyron maritimum ssp. maritimum

TJM1: Cordylanthus maritimus ssp. maritimus.

Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Generic common name: SALTY BIRDíS-BEAK.

Ormond Beach West, Coastal Salt Marsh, May 2013.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2
Photographed slightly out of range, but expected to occur in range.
Thumbnail Picture of Chloropyron maritimum ssp. maritimum

65
Chaparral Broomrape
Orobanche bulbosa


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE).
Generic common name: BROOM-RAPE.

Ahmanson Ranch: burned valley grassland, June 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Orobanche bulbosa

66
Parish's broomrape
Orobanche parishii


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE).
Generic common name: BROOM-RAPE.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: coastal sage scrub, June 2012.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Orobanche parishii

67
Hillside Broomrape
Orobanche vallicola


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE).
Other common names: valley broom rape.
Generic common name: BROOM-RAPE.

Circle X Ranch: oak woodland, August 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Orobanche vallicola

68
Indian Warrior
Pedicularis densiflora


Family: Orobanchaceae (BROOMRAPE), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Generic common name: LOUSEWORT.

Arroyo Sequit: entrance road, chaparral, Jan 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pedicularis densiflora


Family Phrymaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Scrophulariales)

69
Bush Monkey Flower
Mimulus aurantiacus


Family: Phrymaceae (LOPSEED), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: sticky monkey flower, island monkeyflower.
Generic common name: MONKEYFLOWER.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, chaparral, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Our plants key into a number of different subspecies which have not been enumerated here.
Thumbnail Picture of Mimulus aurantiacus

70
Scarlet Monkey Flower
Mimulus cardinalis


Family: Phrymaceae (LOPSEED), Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: cardinal monkey flower.
Generic common name: MONKEYFLOWER.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Mimulus cardinalis


Family Scrophulariaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Scrophulariales)

71
California Figwort
Scrophularia californica


Family: Scrophulariaceae (FIGWORT).
Other common names: bee plant.
Generic common name: FIGWORT.

Backbone Trail between Latigo and Corral Trailheads: riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Scrophularia californica


Family Convolvulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

72
Wild Morning Glory
Calystegia macrostegia ssp. cyclostegia


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: island false bindweed, coast morning glory.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, FALSE BINDWEED.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Intergrades with other local Calystegia species making precise a ID sometimes difficult.
Thumbnail Picture of Calystegia macrostegia ssp. cyclostegia

73
Beach Morning-glory
Calystegia soldanella


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: seashore false bindweed, sand convolvulus.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, FALSE BINDWEED.

Point Mugu State Park: Thornhill Broome Beach, coastal strand, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Calystegia soldanella

74
Bindweed *
Convolvulus arvensis


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: orchard morning-glory, field bindweed.
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, BINDWEED.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: Ranch Overlook Trail, disturbed grassland, June 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Convolvulus arvensis

75
Small-Flowered Morning-Glory
Convolvulus simulans


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Generic common name: MORNING-GLORY, BINDWEED.

Wildwood Park: trailside, disturbed grassland, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Convolvulus simulans

76
Western Dichondria
Dichondra occidentalis


Family: Convolvulaceae (MORNING-GLORY).
Other common names: western ponysfoot.
Generic common name: PONYSFOOT.

Point Mugu State Park: Chumash Trail, coastal sage scrub, March 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Dichondra occidentalis


Family Polemoniaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

77
Stinky Gilia
Allophyllum glutinosum


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: sticky false gilia, sticky false gilyflower.
Generic common name: FALSE GILYFLOWER.

Malibu Creek State Park: Cistern Trail, chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Allophyllum glutinosum

78
Threadleaf Wool-star
Eriastrum filifolium


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: lavender woollystar, lavender eriastrum.
Generic common name: WOOLLYSTAR.

La PurŪsima Mission SHP: coastal sage scrub, June 2012 .

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.

Photographed out of range.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriastrum filifolium

79
Purplespot Gilia
Gilia clivorum


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: many stemmed gilia.
Generic common name: GILIA.

Peter Strauss Ranch: disturbed area adjacent to the lawn, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Gilia clivorum

80
Whisker Brush
Leptosiphon ciliatus

TJM1: Linanthus ciliatus.

Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: whisker linanthus.
Generic common name: LEPTOSIPHON.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, grassy slope, May 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.

New find for the Santa Monica Mountains, Spring 2009.
Thumbnail Picture of Leptosiphon ciliatus

81
Flax-flowered Linanthus
Leptosiphon liniflorus

TJM1: Linanthus liniflorus.

Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: narrowflower flaxflower.
Generic common name: LEPTOSIPHON.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Leptosiphon liniflorus

82
Prickly Phlox
Linanthus californicus

TJM1: Leptodactylon californicum.

Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: California prickly phlox.
Generic common name: LINANTHUS.

Circle X Ranch: Sandstone Peak Trail, chaparral, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Linanthus californicus

83
Ground-pink
Linanthus dianthiflorus


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: fringed linanthus.
Generic common name: LINANTHUS.

Triunfo Canyon Park: Pentachaeta Trail, chaparral, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Linanthus dianthiflorus

84
Slender Phlox
Microsteris gracilis

TJM1: Phlox gracilis.

Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: microsteris, beggar's gilia, annual phlox.
Generic common name: PHLOX.

Triunfo Canyon Park: rocky slope, May 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Microsteris gracilis

85
Hooked Navarretia
Navarretia hamata ssp. hamata


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: hooked pincushionplant.
Generic common name: PINCUSHIONPLANT.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: China Flat Trail, burned chaparral, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Navarretia hamata ssp. hamata

86
Slender-flowered Hooked Navarretia
Navarretia hamata ssp. leptantha


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Generic common name: PINCUSHIONPLANT.

Los Robles Open Space: disturbed trail margin in oak woodland and chaparral, July 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Navarretia hamata ssp. leptantha

87
Honey-scented Pincushionplant
Navarretia mellita


Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: honey-scented navarretia.
Generic common name: PINCUSHIONPLANT.

Circle X Ranch: near the backbone trail, open thin-soiled bare areas within chaparral, May 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Navarretia mellita

88
Splendid Gilia
Saltugilia splendens ssp. splendens

TJM1: Gilia splendens ssp. splendens.

Family: Polemoniaceae (PHLOX).
Other common names: woodland gilia, grand gilia.
Generic common name: SALTUGILIA.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Sheep Corral Trail, burned chaparral, April 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Saltugilia splendens ssp. splendens


Family Solanaceae (Magnoliopsida | Asteridae | Solanales)

89
Datura
Datura wrightii


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: sacred thorn-apple, toluaca, toloache, western Jimsonweed, hairy thorn-apple, devils trumpet.
Generic common name: JIMSON WEED, THORN-APPLE.

Mulholland Highway roadside: chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Datura wrightii

90
California Desert Thorn
Lycium californicum


Family: Solanaceae (NIGHTSHADE, POTATO).
Other common names: California boxthorn.
Generic common name: BOX THORN.

Cabrillo National Monument: coastal bluffs, Jan 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2
Photographed out of range.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know.
Thumbnail Picture of Lycium californicum


Family Aizoaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

91
Baby Sun-rose *
Aptenia cordifolia


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Other common names: ice plant.
Generic common name: APTENIA.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: disturbed area near landscaping, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.

A cultivated species occasionally escaped near landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Aptenia cordifolia

92
Heartleaf Iceplant *
Aptenia cordifolia ◊ A. haeckeliana


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Other common names: baby sun-rose, red apple, Platythyra, dew plant.
Generic common name: APTENIA.

Urban landscaping in Thousand Oaks.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

A cultivated species occasionally escaped near landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Aptenia cordifolia ◊ A. haeckeliana

93
Sea Fig *
Carpobrotus chilensis


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Generic common name: FIG-MARIGOLD, CARPOBROTUS.

Coastal strand, April 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Carpobrotus chilensis hybridizes with C. edulis and the plants shown here likely contains at least some C. edulis.
Thumbnail Picture of Carpobrotus chilensis

94
Hottentot Fig *
Carpobrotus edulis


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Other common names: sea fig, iceplant.
Generic common name: FIG-MARIGOLD, CARPOBROTUS.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, September 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Carpobrotus edulis

95
Coastal Galenia *
Galenia pubescens

TJM1: Not Listed.
TJM2: Not Listed.

Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Generic common name: GALENIA.

Topanga State Park: Eagle Springs Fire Road, chaparral, March 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Galenia pubescens

96
Coppery Mesemb *
Malephora crocea


Family: Aizoaceae (FIG-MARIGOLD).
Other common names: coppery mesembryanthemum, crocea iceplant.
Generic common name: MALEPHORA.

County Line Beach: coastal strand, September 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Malephora crocea


Family Amaranthaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

97
Low Amaranth *
Amaranthus deflexus


Family: Amaranthaceae (AMARANTH).
Other common names: largefruit amaranth, deflexed amaranth, Argentine amaranth.
Generic common name: AMARANTH, PIGWEED.

Disturbed areas throughout, July 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Amaranthus deflexus


Family Cactaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

98
Coast Cholla
Cylindropuntia prolifera

TJM1: Opuntia prolifera.

Family: Cactaceae (CACTUS).
Other common names: cholla.
Generic common name: CHOLLA.

Wildwood Park: coastal sage scrub, May 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cylindropuntia prolifera

99
Beavertail Cactus
Opuntia basilaris var. basilaris


Family: Cactaceae (CACTUS).
Other common names: beaver-tail pricklypear.
Generic common name: PRICKLY PEAR, CHOLLA.

Wildwood Park: coastal sage scrub, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Opuntia basilaris var. basilaris


Family Caryophyllaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

100
Hairypink *
Petrorhagia dubia


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: pink grass, wilding pink.
Generic common name: PINK.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Albertson Motorway road margin, May 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Petrorhagia dubia

101
Sleepy Catchfly
Silene antirrhina


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: sleepy silene, snapdragon campion.
Generic common name: CATCHFLY, CAMPION.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Sheep Corral Trail, burned chaparral, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Silene antirrhina

102
Many-nerved Catchfly
Silene coniflora

TJM1: Silene multinervia.

Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: fire following campion.
Generic common name: CATCHFLY, CAMPION.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Sheep Corral Trail, burned chaparral, April 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.

There is evidence that S. multinervia and S. coniflora are not synonyms and that this should still be S. multinervia.
Thumbnail Picture of Silene coniflora

103
Windmill Pink *
Silene gallica


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: common catchfly.
Generic common name: CATCHFLY, CAMPION.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Silene gallica

104
Indian Pink
Silene laciniata ssp. laciniata

TJM1: Silene laciniata ssp. major.

Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Other common names: cardinal catchfly, Mexican pink.
Generic common name: CATCHFLY, CAMPION.

Backbone Trail between Latigo and Corral Trailheads, oak woodland, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Silene laciniata ssp. laciniata

105
Boccone's Sandspurry *
Spergularia bocconi


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Generic common name: SAND-SPURREY.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail trailhead parking lot, coastal sage scrub, May 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Spergularia bocconi

106
Large Flowered Sand Spurry
Spergularia macrotheca var. macrotheca


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Generic common name: SAND-SPURREY.

Coastal grassland, March 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Spergularia macrotheca var. macrotheca

107
Salt-marsh Sand Spurry
Spergularia marina


Family: Caryophyllaceae (PINK, CARNATION).
Generic common name: SAND-SPURREY.

Oxnard Ecological Preserve: salt flat, March 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Spergularia marina


Family Chenopodiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

108
Swamp Saltbush *
Atriplex amnicola

TJM1: Not Listed.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: trailside near salt marsh, Dec 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex amnicola

109
California Saltbush
Atriplex californica


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: California orach.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, September 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Note: the flowers of this plant are often referred to as green.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex californica

110
Coulterís Saltbush
Atriplex coulteri


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Coulterís orach.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Malibu: coastal bluff, May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex coulteri

111
Quail Bush
Atriplex lentiformis


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: big saltbush, coast saltbush, lenscale.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: salt marsh, September 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

Note: the flowers of this plant are often referred to as green.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex lentiformis

112
Fat-hen *
Atriplex prostrata

TJM1: Atriplex triangularis.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: thinleaf orach, spearscale, spear leaved saltbrush.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: open disturbed areas, Sept 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex prostrata

113
Australian Saltbush *
Atriplex semibaccata


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: creeping saltbush, berry saltbush.
Generic common name: SALTBUSH, ORACH.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, September 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Atriplex semibaccata

114
Woody Glasswort
Salicornia pacifica

TJM1: Salicornia virginica.
FNA: Sarcocornia pacifica.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: pickleweed, Virginia glasswort.
Generic common name: PICKLEWEED, GLASSWORT, SALTWORT.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: salt marsh, September 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Woody, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Salicornia pacifica

115
Southern Russian Thistle *
Salsola australis

TJM1: Salsola tragus.

Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Generic common name: RUSSIAN THISTLE.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: Big Sycamore Canyon Trail, valley grassland, July 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.

Frequently confused with Salsola tragus the "Tumbleweed" form, which is less common in the SMM NRA.
Thumbnail Picture of Salsola australis

116
Russian Thistle *
Salsola tragus


Family: Chenopodiaceae (GOOSEFOOT).
Other common names: Tumbleweed.
Generic common name: RUSSIAN THISTLE.

Malibu Canyon Road: disturbed roadside, Oct 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Salsola tragus


Family Montiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

117
Brewer's Red Maids
Calandrinia breweri


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Generic common name: REDMAIDS.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail below Triunfo Peak, chaparral, April 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Calandrinia breweri

118
Red Maids
Calandrinia ciliata


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: fringed redmaids.
Generic common name: REDMAIDS.

Stunt Ranch: Stunt High Trail, valley grassland, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Calandrinia ciliata

119
Seaside Calandrinia
Cistanthe maritima

TJM1: Calandrinia maritima.

Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: seaside pussypaws, seaside redmaids.
Generic common name: PUSSYPAWS.

Point Mugu State Park: sandy slopes above the ocean, May 2014.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2
.
Thumbnail Picture of Cistanthe maritima

120
Coast Range Claytonia
Claytonia gypsophiloides


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: gypsum springbeauty.
Generic common name: SPRINGBEAUTY.

Triunfo Canyon Park: rocky slope, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Claytonia gypsophiloides

121
Streambank Springbeauty
Claytonia parviflora ssp. parviflora


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: Utah miner's lettuce, narrow leaved miner's lettuce, Indian-lettuce.
Generic common name: SPRINGBEAUTY.

Triunfo Canyon Park: trail up to the reservoir, damp disturbed trailside, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Claytonia parviflora ssp. parviflora

122
Davidson's Indian-lettuce
Claytonia parviflora ssp. viridis


Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Other common names: Utah miner's lettuce, narrow leaved miner's lettuce, green miner's lettuce, Streambank Springbeauty.
Generic common name: SPRINGBEAUTY.

Malibu Creek State Park: Backbone Trail, riparian woodland, April 2011.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Claytonia parviflora ssp. viridis

123
Bitter Root
Lewisia rediviva var. rediviva

TJM1: Lewisia rediviva.

Family: Montiaceae (MINER'S LETTUCE), Portulacaceae (PURSLANE).
Generic common name: LEWISIA, BITTERROOT.

Triunfo Canyon Park: rocky slope, May 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lewisia rediviva var. rediviva


Family Nyctaginaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

124
Red Sand Verbena
Abronia maritima


Family: Nyctaginaceae (FOUR O'CLOCK).
Other common names: sticky sand verbena.
Generic common name: SAND VERBENA.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, September 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Abronia maritima

125
Pink Sand Verbena
Abronia umbellata ssp. umbellata


Family: Nyctaginaceae (FOUR O'CLOCK).
Other common names: purple sand verbena, beach sand verbena.
Generic common name: SAND VERBENA.

Point Mugu State Park: Thornhill Broome Beach, coastal strand, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Abronia umbellata ssp. umbellata

126
Four-O'Clock *
Mirabilis jalapa var. jalapa

TJM1: Mirabilis jalapa.

Family: Nyctaginaceae (FOUR O'CLOCK).
Other common names: marvel of Peru, wishbone bush.
Generic common name: FOUR O'CLOCK.

Camarillo Regional Recreation Area, disturbed roadside, Sept 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Yellow, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

A cultivated species occasionally escaped near landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Mirabilis jalapa var. jalapa

127
Wishbone Bush
Mirabilis laevis var. crassifolia

TJM1: Mirabilis californica.

Family: Nyctaginaceae (FOUR O'CLOCK).
Other common names: California four o'clock, desert wishbone-bush.
Generic common name: FOUR O'CLOCK.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, chaparral, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Mirabilis laevis var. crassifolia


Family Phytolaccaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Caryophyllales)

128
American pokeweed
Phytolacca americana


Family: Phytolaccaceae (POKEWEED).
Other common names: common pokeweed, pokeberry, inkberry, pigeonberry.
Generic common name: POKEWEED.

Will Rogers State Historic Park: Backbone Trail, chaparral, Oct 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer, Fall.

Note: has NOXIOUS WEED status in some locations.
Thumbnail Picture of Phytolacca americana


Family Polygonaceae (Magnoliopsida | Caryophyllidae | Polygonales)

129
Turkish Rugging
Chorizanthe staticoides


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Generic common name: SPINEFLOWER.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, sage scrub, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Chorizanthe staticoides

130
Anglestem Buckwheat
Eriogonum angulosum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Cheeseboro Ridge Trail, burned valley grassland, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum angulosum

131
Ashy Leaf Buckwheat
Eriogonum cinereum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: coastal buckwheat, grey coast eriogonum.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Deer Creek Road shoulder: sage scrub, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum cinereum

132
Santa Ynez Wild Buckwheat
Eriogonum cithariforme var. agninum

TJM1: Eriogonum cithariforme.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: cithara wild buckwheat.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Malibu Creek State Park: Tapia Spur Trail, chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum cithariforme var. agninum

133
Wand Buckwheat
Eriogonum elongatum var. elongatum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: long-stem wild buckwheat.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Rocky Oaks: Rocky Oaks Loop Trail, sage scrub, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum elongatum var. elongatum

134
California Buckwheat
Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: Eastern Mojave buckwheat, coastal California buckwheat, leafy California buckwheat.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, sage scrub, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Sometimes intermediate between other varieties.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum

135
Sea-cliff Buckwheat
Eriogonum parvifolium


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: dune eriogonum.
Generic common name: WILD BUCKWHEAT, BUCKWHEAT.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, July 2005.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Eriogonum parvifolium

136
California Chorizanthe
Mucronea californica


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: California spineflower.
Generic common name: SPINEFLOWER.

Cabrillo National Monument: sandy slopes on the ocean side of the peninsula, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2

Photographed out of range.
If you see this in or near the SMM floristic region we'd like to know.
Thumbnail Picture of Mucronea californica

137
Water Smartweed
Persicaria amphibia

TJM1: Polygonum amphibium var. emersum.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: swamp knotweed, longroot smartweed.
Generic common name: SMARTWEED.

Rocky Oaks: Rocky Oaks Pond, pond aquatic, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Persicaria amphibia

138
Lady's Thumb *
Persicaria maculosa

TJM1: Polygonum persicaria.

Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: spotted ladysthumb.
Generic common name: SMARTWEED.

Calleguas Creek: sandbar near CSUCI, July 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Persicaria maculosa

139
Thread Stem
Pterostegia drymarioides


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: pterostegia, fairy mist, woodland pterostegia, granny's hair-net, woodland threadstem.
Generic common name: PTEROSTEGIA.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Pterostegia drymarioides

140
Sheep Sorrel *
Rumex acetosella


Family: Polygonaceae (BUCKWHEAT).
Other common names: field sorrel.
Generic common name: DOCK.

Topanga State Park, Trippet Ranch: Eagle Springs Road, disturbed grassland, April 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Rumex acetosella


Family Papaveraceae (Magnoliopsida | Magnoliidae | Papaverales)

141
Bleeding Heart
Ehrendorferia ochroleuca

TJM1: Dicentra ochroleuca.

Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Other common names: yellow bleeding heart, ear-drops.
Generic common name: GOLDEN EARDROPS.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ehrendorferia ochroleuca

142
California Poppy
Eschscholzia californica


Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Generic common name: CALIFORNIA POPPY.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead: chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Eschscholzia californica

143
Fire Poppy
Papaver californicum


Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Other common names: western poppy.
Generic common name: POPPY.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Papaver californicum

144
Wind Poppy
Papaver heterophyllum

TJM1: Stylomecon heterophylla.

Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Generic common name: POPPY.

Triunfo Canyon Park: grassland, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Papaver heterophyllum

145
Corn Poppy *
Papaver rhoeas


Family: Papaveraceae (POPPY).
Other common names: field poppy, Flanders poppy.
Generic common name: POPPY.

Malibu Creek State Park: weedy oak woodland near Crags Road, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.

This occurrence likely the result of hikers spreading seeds from commercial flower packets. There were other non-native cultivars in the area including other species of poppies.
Thumbnail Picture of Papaver rhoeas


Family Geraniaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Geraniales)

146
Long-beaked Filaree *
Erodium botrys


Family: Geraniaceae (GERANIUM).
Other common names: longbeak stork's bill, big heron bill.
Generic common name: STORKSBILL, FILAREE.

Backbone Trail between Latigo and Corral Trailheads, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Erodium botrys

147
Foothill Filaree *
Erodium brachycarpum


Family: Geraniaceae (GERANIUM).
Other common names: shortfruit stork's bill.
Generic common name: STORKSBILL, FILAREE.

Triunfo Canyon Park: grassy disturbed area close to road, March 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Solitary, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Erodium brachycarpum

148
Red-stem Filaree *
Erodium cicutarium


Family: Geraniaceae (GERANIUM).
Other common names: redstem stork's bill.
Generic common name: STORKSBILL, FILAREE.

Circle X Ranch: group campground access road shoulder, sage scrub, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Erodium cicutarium

149
White-stem Filaree *
Erodium moschatum


Family: Geraniaceae (GERANIUM).
Other common names: musky stork's bill.
Generic common name: STORKSBILL, FILAREE.

Circle X Ranch: group campground access road shoulder, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Erodium moschatum

150
Carolina Geranium
Geranium carolinianum


Family: Geraniaceae (GERANIUM).
Generic common name: CRANESBILL, GERANIUM.

Stunt Ranch: Stunt High Trail, chaparral, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Geranium carolinianum

151
Cutleaf Geranium *
Geranium dissectum


Family: Geraniaceae (GERANIUM).
Other common names: common wild geranium, cranesbill.
Generic common name: CRANESBILL, GERANIUM.

Stunt Ranch: Stunt High Trail, chaparral, March 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Geranium dissectum

152
Dove's Foot Geranium *
Geranium molle


Family: Geraniaceae (GERANIUM).
Other common names: woodland geranium.
Generic common name: CRANESBILL, GERANIUM.

Circle X Ranch: Triunfo Backbone Trail, chaparral, April 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Geranium molle

153
Roundleaf Geranium *
Geranium rotundifolium


Family: Geraniaceae (GERANIUM).
Generic common name: CRANESBILL, GERANIUM.

April 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Geranium rotundifolium


Family Oxalidaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Geraniales)

154
Rose Oxalis *
Oxalis rubra


Family: Oxalidaceae (OXALIS).
Other common names: windowbox woodsorrel, red oxalis.
Generic common name: WOODSORREL, OXALIS.

Soka University: May 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

Cultivar occasionally escaped near landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Oxalis rubra


Family Tropaeolaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Geraniales)

155
Nasturtium *
Tropaeolum majus


Family: Tropaeolaceae (NASTURTIUM).
Other common names: garden nasturtium.
Generic common name: NASTURTIUM.

Solstice Canyon: Solstice Canyon Trail, oak woodland, June 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Tropaeolum majus


Family Linaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Linales)

156
Small-flowered Dwarf-flax
Hesperolinon micranthum

FNA: Linum micranthum.

Family: Linaceae (FLAX).
Other common names: threadstem flax, small flower western flax, Common dwarf flax.
Generic common name: DWARF FLAX, WESTERN FLAX.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, coastal sage scrub, June 2007.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Hesperolinon micranthum

157
Flowering Flax *
Linum grandiflorum


Family: Linaceae (FLAX).
Other common names: garden flax.
Generic common name: FLAX.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, thin soiled grassland, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring.

Waif. A cultivar likely deliberately spread from a commercial "wildflower" seed packets.
Thumbnail Picture of Linum grandiflorum


Family Lythraceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Myrtales)

158
Long-leaved Ammania
Ammannia coccinea


Family: Lythraceae (LOOSESTRIFE).
Other common names: purple ammannia, red ammannia, valley redstem, tooth-cup.
Generic common name: REDSTEM.

Rocky Oaks: Rocky Oaks Pond, pond edge, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Ammannia coccinea

159
California Loosestrife
Lythrum californicum


Family: Lythraceae (LOOSESTRIFE).
Other common names: common loosestrife, hierba del cancer.
Generic common name: LOOSESTRIFE.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, intermittent streambed, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Lythrum californicum

160
Hyssop Loosestrife *
Lythrum hyssopifolia

TJM1: Lythrum hyssopifolium.

Family: Lythraceae (LOOSESTRIFE).
Generic common name: LOOSESTRIFE.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: Wendy Trail, riparian woodland, June 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Lythrum hyssopifolia


Family Onagraceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Myrtales)

161
Farewell-to-spring
Clarkia bottae


Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: Botta's clarkia, punch bowl godetia.
Generic common name: CLARKIA, GODETIA.

Point Mugu State Park: Serrano Canyon Trail, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Clarkia bottae

162
Speckled Clarkia
Clarkia cylindrica ssp. cylindrica


Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Generic common name: CLARKIA, GODETIA.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead: chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Clarkia cylindrica ssp. cylindrica

163
Purple Clarkia
Clarkia purpurea ssp. quadrivulnera


Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: winecup clarkia, four-spot.
Generic common name: CLARKIA, GODETIA.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, riparian woodland, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Clarkia purpurea ssp. quadrivulnera

164
Large Godetia
Clarkia purpurea ssp. viminea


Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: winecup clarkia, purple clarkia.
Generic common name: CLARKIA, GODETIA.

UCLA Stunt Ranch: entrance road near education area, oak woodland, June 2012.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Clarkia purpurea ssp. viminea

165
Elegant Clarkia
Clarkia unguiculata


Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: woodland clarkia.
Generic common name: CLARKIA, GODETIA.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, oak woodland, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Clarkia unguiculata

166
Field Willow-herb
Epilobium brachycarpum


Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: panicled willow herb, autumn willowweed, annual fireweed, tall annual willowherb.
Generic common name: FIREWEED, WILLOW HERB.

Rocky Oaks: Rocky Oaks Loop Trail, oak woodland, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Epilobium brachycarpum

167
California Fuchsia
Epilobium canum ssp. canum

Other scientific names: Zauschneria cana.

Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: hummingbird trumpet, zauschneria.
Generic common name: FIREWEED, WILLOW HERB.

Rocky Oaks: Rocky Oaks Loop Trail, oak woodland, Sept 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Large, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Epilobium canum ssp. canum

168
Broadleaved California Fuchsia
Epilobium canum ssp. latifolium

Other scientific names: Zauschneria latifolia.

Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Generic common name: FIREWEED, WILLOW HERB.

Griffith Park: coastal sage scrub, Sept 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Epilobium canum ssp. latifolium

169
Willow-herb
Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum


Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: fringed willowherb, Northern willow herb, American willow herb.
Generic common name: FIREWEED, WILLOW HERB.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, intermittent streambed, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum

170
Rose Evening Primrose *
Oenothera rosea


Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: pink evening primrose, rose sundrops.
Generic common name: EVENING PRIMROSE.

Triunfo Canyon Park: Triunfo Canyon Road margin, August 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.

A cultivated species occasionally escaped near landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Oenothera rosea

171
Mexican Evening Primrose *
Oenothera speciosa


Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: pinkladies.
Generic common name: EVENING PRIMROSE.

Westlake Road shoulder: riparian woodland, June 2007.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Oenothera speciosa

172
Scarlet Beeblossom
Oenothera suffrutescens

TJM1: Gaura coccinea.

Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: wild honeysuckle, linda tarde, scarlet gaura.
Generic common name: EVENING PRIMROSE.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: valley grassland, Sept 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Oenothera suffrutescens

173
Drummond's Gaura *
Oenothera xenogaura

TJM1: Gaura drummondii.

Family: Onagraceae (EVENING PRIMROSE).
Other common names: Drummond's beeblossom.
Generic common name: EVENING PRIMROSE.

Malibu Creek State Park: Phantom Trail, disturbed trail margin near landscaping, Aug 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Summer.

Note: has NOXIOUS WEED status.
Thumbnail Picture of Oenothera xenogaura


Family Polygalaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Polygalales)

174
Fish's Milkwort
Polygala cornuta var. fishiae


Family: Polygalaceae (MILKWORT).
Other common names: Sierra milkwort.
Generic common name: MILKWORT, POLYGALA.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, oak woodland, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Status: CNPS List 4.3.
Thumbnail Picture of Polygala cornuta var. fishiae


Family Crassulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

175
Pigmy Weed
Crassula connata


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: sand pygmyweed.
Generic common name: PYGMYWEED.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Crassula connata

176
Canyon Dudleya
Dudleya cymosa ssp. cymosa


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: canyon liveforever.
Generic common name: DUDLEYA, LIVEFOREVER.

Circle X Ranch: north-facing, steep rocky slope, April 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Dudleya cymosa ssp. cymosa

177
Marcescent Dudleya
Dudleya cymosa ssp. marcescens


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: Santa Monica Mountains dudleya.
Generic common name: DUDLEYA, LIVEFOREVER.

Circle X Ranch: oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Dudleya cymosa ssp. marcescens

178
Lance-leaf Live-forever
Dudleya lanceolata


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: southern California dudleya, lance-leaved dudleya.
Generic common name: DUDLEYA, LIVEFOREVER.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, sage scrub, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Dudleya lanceolata

179
Palmer's Dudleya
Dudleya palmeri


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: Palmer's liveforever.
Generic common name: DUDLEYA, LIVEFOREVER.

Malibu Canyon Road: steep roadcut, chaparral, June 2001.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

May not be distinct from D. lanceolata.
Thumbnail Picture of Dudleya palmeri

180
Chalk Live-forever
Dudleya pulverulenta


Family: Crassulaceae (STONECROP).
Other common names: chalk dudleya, California chalk lettuce.
Generic common name: DUDLEYA, LIVEFOREVER.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, intermittent streambed, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Dudleya pulverulenta


Family Grossulariaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

181
Hillside Gooseberry
Ribes californicum

ANF: Ribes californicum var. hesperium.

Family: Grossulariaceae (GOOSEBERRY).
Other common names: California gooseberry.
Generic common name: CURRANT, GOOSEBERRY.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, oak woodland, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ribes californicum

182
Chaparral Currant
Ribes malvaceum


Family: Grossulariaceae (GOOSEBERRY).
Generic common name: CURRANT, GOOSEBERRY.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, oak woodland, Jan 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Ribes malvaceum

183
Fuchsia-flowered Gooseberry
Ribes speciosum


Family: Grossulariaceae (GOOSEBERRY).
Generic common name: CURRANT, GOOSEBERRY.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Ribes speciosum


Family Rosaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

184
California Wild Rose
Rosa californica


Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: California rose.
Generic common name: ROSE.

Point Mugu State Park: Serrano Canyon Trail, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Rosa californica

185
Himalayan blackberry *
Rubus armeniacus

TJM1: Rubus discolor.

Family: Rosaceae (ROSE).
Other common names: Himalaya-berry.
Generic common name: BLACKBERRY, RASPBERRY.

Rocky Oaks: west end beyond the Rocky Oaks Loop Trail, riparian woodland, June 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Rubus armeniacus


Family Saxifragaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Rosales)

186
Coast Boykinia
Boykinia occidentalis


Family: Saxifragaceae (SAXIFRAGE).
Other common names: western boykinia, coastal brookfoam.
Generic common name: BROOKFOAM.

Santa Ynez Canyon: near Santa Ynez Canyon Trail, rock wall at streamside, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Boykinia occidentalis


Family Euphorbiaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Euphorbiales)

187
Red-gland Spurge
Chamaesyce melanadenia

FNA: Euphorbia melanadenia.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Griffith Park: Mt. Hollywood Trail, Disturbed trail cut (Coastal Sage Scrub) March 2013.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce melanadenia

188
Prostrate Sandmat *
Chamaesyce prostrata

FNA: Euphorbia prostrata.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: prostrate spurge.
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Thousand Oaks: sidewalk paving cracks, Aug 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce prostrata

189
Thyme-leaved Spurge
Chamaesyce serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifolia

FNA: Euphorbia serpyllifolia var. serpyllifolia.

Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Other common names: thymeleaf sandmat.
Generic common name: PROSTRATE SPURGE, SANDMAT.

Mulholland Highway roadside near Seminole Hot Springs, July 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Chamaesyce serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifolia

190
Castor Bean *
Ricinus communis


Family: Euphorbiaceae (SPURGE).
Generic common name: CASTOR BEAN, RICINUS.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Ricinus communis


Family Fabaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Fabales)

191
Spanish Clover
Acmispon americanus var. americanus

TJM1: Lotus purshianus.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Generic common name: NEW WORLD LOTUS.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead: riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Acmispon americanus var. americanus

192
Deerweed
Acmispon glaber

TJM1: Lotus scoparius.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: common deerweed, California broom.
Generic common name: NEW WORLD LOTUS.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Acmispon glaber

193
Large-flowered Lotus
Acmispon grandiflorus var. grandiflorus

TJM1: Lotus grandiflorus var. grandiflorus.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: chaparral bird's foot trefoil, chaparral lotus, Large leaved lotus.
Generic common name: NEW WORLD LOTUS.

Backbone Trail between Saddle Peak Road and Trippet Ranch: oak woodland, May 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Acmispon grandiflorus var. grandiflorus

194
False Indigo
Amorpha californica var. californica


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: California false indigo.
Generic common name: FALSE INDIGO.

Malibu Creek State Park: Crags Road, oak woodland, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Amorpha californica var. californica

195
Brauton's Rattle-weed
Astragalus brauntonii


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: Braunton's milkvetch.
Generic common name: MILKVETCH.

Topanga State Park: Temescal Ridge Trail, coastal sage scrub, May 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.1.
Thumbnail Picture of Astragalus brauntonii

196
Common Dwarf Locoweed
Astragalus didymocarpus var. didymocarpus


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: dwarf white milkvetch, two seeded milk vetch, common dwarf milkvetch.
Generic common name: MILKVETCH.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: oak woodland, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Astragalus didymocarpus var. didymocarpus

197
Arabian Pea *
Bituminaria bituminosa

TJM1: Not Listed.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Generic common name: BITUMINARIA.

Griffith Park, escaped cultivar, June 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Bituminaria bituminosa

198
Western Redbud
Cercis occidentalis


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: redbud.
Generic common name: REDBUD.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead: disturbed road margin, March 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.

Probably not native to SMM, apparently not reproducing.
Thumbnail Picture of Cercis occidentalis

199
Dolichos Pea *
Dipogon lignosus

TJM1: Not Listed.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: Australian pea, okie bean.
Generic common name: DIPOGON.

Griffith Park, escaped cultivar, June 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Dipogon lignosus

200
Wild Licorice
Glycyrrhiza lepidota


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: American licorice.
Generic common name: LICORICE.

Wildwood Park: Wildwood Canyon Trail, open roadside near riparian woodland, June 2009.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Glycyrrhiza lepidota

201
Perennial Sweet Pea *
Lathyrus latifolius


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: everlasting pea, perennial pea.
Generic common name: WILD PEA, PEA.

Paramount Ranch: Backdrop Trail, valley grassland, May 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, White, Red, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Lathyrus latifolius

202
Sweet Pea *
Lathyrus odoratus


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: garden sweet pea, common sweet pea.
Generic common name: WILD PEA, PEA.

Calabasas Open Space near Agoura Road: valley grassland, May 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lathyrus odoratus

203
Wild Sweet Pea
Lathyrus vestitus var. vestitus


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: pacific pea, Bolander's pea, common pacific pea.
Generic common name: WILD PEA, PEA.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, oak woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lathyrus vestitus var. vestitus

204
Dove Lupine
Lupinus bicolor


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: miniature lupine, bicolored lupine, annual lupine.
Generic common name: LUPINE.

Lake Eleanor Open Space: grassland, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lupinus bicolor

205
Hallís Bush Lupine
Lupinus excubitus var. hallii


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: grape soda lupine, Adonis Lupine.
Generic common name: LUPINE.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Cheeseboro Ridge Connector, disturbed grassland, April 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lupinus excubitus var. hallii

206
Alfalfa *
Medicago sativa


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: lucerne.
Generic common name: ALFALFA, BURCLOVER.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead: oak woodland, July 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Medicago sativa

207
Chaparral Pea
Pickeringia montana var. montana


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: Montana chaparral pea.
Generic common name: CHAPARRAL PEA.

Backbone Trail between Trippet Ranch and Will Rogers State Parks: chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Pickeringia montana var. montana

208
Rancheria Clover
Trifolium albopurpureum


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: Indian clover.
Generic common name: CLOVER.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, thin soiled grassland, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Trifolium albopurpureum

209
Tree Clover
Trifolium ciliolatum


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: foothill clover.
Generic common name: CLOVER.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, chaparral, April 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Trifolium ciliolatum

210
Truncate Sack Clover
Trifolium depauperatum var. truncatum


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: cowbag clover, dwarf sack clover.
Generic common name: CLOVER.

Triunfo Canyon Park: thin soiled grassland, March 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Trifolium depauperatum var. truncatum

211
Rose Clover *
Trifolium hirtum


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Generic common name: CLOVER.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, disturbed shoulder margin, April 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Trifolium hirtum

212
Crimson Clover *
Trifolium incarnatum


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Generic common name: CLOVER.

Malibu Creek State Park: Backbone Trail, chaparral, May 2005.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Cultivar probably deliberately distributed by hikers. This plant growing in the wild was dwarfed compared to typical garden examples.
Thumbnail Picture of Trifolium incarnatum

213
Small-head Clover
Trifolium microcephalum


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: maiden clover, hairy clover, small head field clover.
Generic common name: CLOVER.

Circle X Ranch: open thin-soiled grassy areas within chaparral, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Trifolium microcephalum

214
Creek Clover
Trifolium obtusiflorum


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: clammy clover.
Generic common name: CLOVER.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, intermittent streambed, June 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Trifolium obtusiflorum

215
White-tipped Clover
Trifolium variegatum


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: variegated clover.
Generic common name: CLOVER.

Circle X Ranch: wet rocky drainage in coastal sage scrub, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Trifolium variegatum

216
Tomcat Clover
Trifolium willdenovii


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Generic common name: CLOVER.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, sage scrub, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Trifolium willdenovii

217
American Vetch
Vicia americana ssp. americana

TJM1: Vicia americana var. americana.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Generic common name: VETCH.

Malibu Creek State Park: Cage Creek Trail, oak woodland, March 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Vicia americana ssp. americana

218
Purple Vetch *
Vicia benghalensis


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: reddish tufted vetch.
Generic common name: VETCH.

Rocky Oaks: Rocky Oaks Pond, pond edge, Sept 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Vicia benghalensis

219
Slender Vetch
Vicia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana

TJM1: Vicia ludoviciana var. ludoviciana.

Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: deerpea vetch.
Generic common name: VETCH.

Castro Crest: Backbone Trail, riparian woodland, April 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Vicia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana

220
Narrow-leaved Vetch *
Vicia sativa ssp. nigra


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: garden vetch, spring vetch, common vetch.
Generic common name: VETCH.

Franklin Canyon, oak woodland, June 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Vicia sativa ssp. nigra

221
Spring Vetch *
Vicia sativa ssp. sativa


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: garden vetch, pubescent common vetch.
Generic common name: VETCH.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Vicia sativa ssp. sativa

222
Winter Vetch *
Vicia villosa


Family: Fabaceae (PEA, LEGUME).
Other common names: hairy vetch.
Generic common name: VETCH.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, valley grassland, March 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Vicia villosa


Family Rutaceae (Magnoliopsida | Rosidae | Sapindales)

223
Cape Chestnut *
Calodendrum capense

TJM1: Not Listed.
TJM2: Not Listed.

Family: Rutaceae (RUE).
Generic common name: CALODENDRUM.

Vacant lot near Malibu Lagoon, Feb 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Calodendrum capense


Family Brassicaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Capparales)

224
Rock Cress
Boechera sparsiflora

TJM1: Arabis sparsiflora.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: elegant rock rose, sicklepod rockcress, elegant rockcress.
Generic common name: ROCK CRESS.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Sheep Corral Trail, burned chaparral, April 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.

"rock rose" probably misapplied.
Thumbnail Picture of Boechera sparsiflora

225
Sea Rocket *
Cakile maritima


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: European searocket.
Generic common name: SEA ROCKET.

Point Mugu State Park: Thornhill Broome Beach, coastal strand, June 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Blue, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Cakile maritima

226
Milkmaids
Cardamine californica


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: California toothwort, bitter cress, toothwort.
Generic common name: BITTER-CRESS, TOOTHWORT.

Backbone Trail between Latigo and Corral Trailheads: oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Cardamine californica

227
Hairy Podded Peppergrass
Lepidium lasiocarpum ssp. lasiocarpum


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: shaggyfruit pepperweed, Desert Pepper grass, sand pepperweed.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

Point Mugu State Park: below the Chumash Trail, sandy coastal sage scrub, April 2007.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium lasiocarpum ssp. lasiocarpum

228
Poor Manís Pepper
Lepidium virginicum ssp. menziesii

TJM1: Lepidium virginicum var. pubescens.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: wild pepper grass, Virginia pepperweed.
Generic common name: PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERWORT, PEPPERWEED, PEPPERCRESS.

China Flat Trail: near Lindero Canyon Road trailhead, disturbed trail cut, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Lepidium virginicum ssp. menziesii

229
Wild Radish *
Raphanus sativus


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: cultivated radish, jointed charlock.
Generic common name: WILD RADISH, RADISH.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Red, Medium, Large, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Raphanus sativus

230
Lace-pod
Thysanocarpus curvipes


Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: sand fringepod, hairy fringe-pod, hairy lacepod.
Generic common name: LACEPOD, FRINGEPOD.

Circle X Ranch: Sandstone Peak Trail, rocky slopes, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Thysanocarpus curvipes

231
Narrow-leaved Fringe-pod
Thysanocarpus laciniatus var. laciniatus

TJM1: Thysanocarpus laciniatus.

Family: Brassicaceae (MUSTARD).
Other common names: mountain fringepod, common lace pod.
Generic common name: LACEPOD, FRINGEPOD.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Blue, Small, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Thysanocarpus laciniatus var. laciniatus


Family Paeoniaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Dilleniales)

232
California Peony
Paeonia californica


Family: Paeoniaceae (PEONY).
Generic common name: PEONY.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, chaparral, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Paeonia californica


Family Ericaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Ericales)

233
Eastwood Manzanita
Arctostaphylos glandulosa


Family: Ericaceae (HEATH).
Generic common name: MANZANITA.

Circle X Ranch: Sandstone Peak Trail, chaparral, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Arctostaphylos glandulosa

234
Bigberry Manzanita
Arctostaphylos glauca


Family: Ericaceae (HEATH).
Generic common name: MANZANITA.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, Jan 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Arctostaphylos glauca


Family Malvaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Malvales)

235
Bush Mallow
Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. fasciculatus


Family: Malvaceae (MALLOW).
Other common names: chaparral mallow, Mendocino bushmallow, Santa Cruz Island bush mallow.
Generic common name: BUSH MALLOW.

Point Mugu State Park: Serrano Canyon Road shoulder, chaparral, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Malacothamnus fasciculatus var. fasciculatus

236
Tree Mallow *
Malva arborea

TJM1: Lavatera arborea.

Family: Malvaceae (MALLOW).
Other common names: bushmallow.
Generic common name: MALLOW.

Yerba Buena Road shoulder, March 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Annual, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Infrequent garden escapee.
Thumbnail Picture of Malva arborea

237
Bull Mallow *
Malva nicaeensis


Family: Malvaceae (MALLOW).
Other common names: mallow of Nice.
Generic common name: MALLOW.

Point Mugu State Park: Big Sycamore Canyon Trail, oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Malva nicaeensis

238
Cheeseweed *
Malva parviflora


Family: Malvaceae (MALLOW).
Other common names: cheeseweed mallow, little mallow.
Generic common name: MALLOW.

Circle X Ranch: Yerba Buena Road shoulder, chaparral, March 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Winter, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Fall.
Thumbnail Picture of Malva parviflora

239
Cretan Mallow *
Malva pseudolavatera

TJM1: Lavatera cretica.

Family: Malvaceae (MALLOW).
Other common names: Cornish mallow, Cretan lavatera.
Generic common name: MALLOW.

Latigo Road disturbed margin, coastal sage scrub, April 2010.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Malva pseudolavatera

240
Bristly Mallow *
Modiola caroliniana


Family: Malvaceae (MALLOW).
Other common names: Carolina bristle mallow.
Generic common name: BRISTLEMALLOW.

Gillette Ranch: lawns and nearby disturbed areas, May 2006.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Modiola caroliniana

241
Checker Bloom
Sidalcea sparsifolia

TJM1: Sidalcea malviflora ssp. sparsifolia.

Family: Malvaceae (MALLOW).
Other common names: checker mallow, wild hollyhock, dwarf checkerbloom, southern checkerbloom.
Generic common name: CHECKER MALLOW, CHECKERBLOOM.

Backbone Trail between Zuma Ridge Trail and Kanan Trailhead: riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Sidalcea sparsifolia


Family Myrsinaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Primulales)

242
Scarlet Pimpernel *
Anagallis arvensis


Family: Myrsinaceae (MYRSINE), Primulaceae (PRIMROSE).
Other common names: poor-man's weatherglass.
Generic common name: PIMPERNEL.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, oak woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Medium, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Annual, Early Spring, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Anagallis arvensis


Family Primulaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Primulales)

243
Shooting Star
Dodecatheon clevelandii


Family: Primulaceae (PRIMROSE).
Other common names: padre's shootingstar.
Generic common name: SHOOTING STAR.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, sage scrub, Feb 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Blue, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.

Possible that forms similar to other subspecies may be encountered.
Thumbnail Picture of Dodecatheon clevelandii


Family Salicaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Salicales)

244
Black Cottonwood
Populus trichocarpa

TJM1: Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa.

Family: Salicaceae (WILLOW).
Generic common name: POPLAR, COTTONWOOD, ASPEN.

Malibu Creek near Malibu Canyon Road: riparian woodland, Feb 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Winter, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Populus trichocarpa


Family Cistaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Violales)

245
Pink Rockrose *
Cistus incanus

TJM1: Cistus creticus.
Other scientific names: Cistus villosus, Cistus incanus ssp. creticus.

Family: Cistaceae (ROCK-ROSE).
Other common names: hairy rockrose, Cretan rockrose.
Generic common name: ROCK-ROSE.

Malibu Creek State Park: riparian woodland east of Las Virgenes Cyn Rd, June 2009.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Solitary, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Late Spring.

Cultivar infrequently encountered escaped near urban landscaping.
Thumbnail Picture of Cistus incanus


Family Frankeniaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Violales)

246
Alkali Heath
Frankenia salina


Family: Frankeniaceae (FRANKENIA).
Other common names: alkali seaheath.
Generic common name: FRANKENIA, SEAHEATH.

Malibu Lagoon State Beach: salt marsh, September 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Frankenia salina


Family Tamaricaceae (Magnoliopsida | Dilleniidae | Violales)

247
Saltcedar *
Tamarix ramosissima


Family: Tamaricaceae (TAMARISK).
Other common names: tamarisk.
Generic common name: TAMARISK.

Marvin Braude Mulholland Gateway Park: Reseda Blvd disturbed margin, April 2008.

Characteristics: non-Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.

Note: Invasive exotic.
Thumbnail Picture of Tamarix ramosissima


Family Fagaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Fagales)

248
Scrub Oak
Quercus berberidifolia


Family: Fagaceae (BEECH, OAK).
Other common names: California scrub oak.
Generic common name: OAK.

Malibu Creek State Park: Deerleg Trail, grassland, March 2008.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Quercus berberidifolia

249
Blue Oak
Quercus douglasii


Family: Fagaceae (BEECH, OAK).
Generic common name: OAK.

Wildwood Park: oak savanna (grassland) April 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Green, Red, Small, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Quercus douglasii


Family Platanaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Hamamelidales)

250
Western Sycamore
Platanus racemosa


Family: Platanaceae (SYCAMORE).
Other common names: California sycamore, aliso, planetree.
Generic common name: SYCAMORE, PLANE TREE.

Circle X Ranch: Grotto Trail, riparian woodland, March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Platanus racemosa


Family Myricaceae (Magnoliopsida | Hamamelididae | Myricales)

251
California Wax Myrtle
Morella californica

TJM1: Myrica californica.

Family: Myricaceae (WAX MYRTLE, BAYBERRY).
Other common names: Pacific bayberry.
Generic common name: BAYBERRY.

Photographed outside of range, May 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Morella californica


Family Ranunculaceae (Magnoliopsida | Magnoliidae | Ranunculales)

252
Scarlet Larkspur
Delphinium cardinale


Family: Ranunculaceae (BUTTERCUP).
Other common names: cardinal larkspur.
Generic common name: LARKSPUR.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Delphinium cardinale


Family Juncaginaceae (Liliopsida | Alismatidae | Najadales)

253
Common Arrow-grass
Triglochin maritima


Family: Juncaginaceae (ARROW-GRASS).
Other common names: Arrowgrass.
Generic common name: ARROW-GRASS.

Mugu Lagoon: coastal salt marsh, July 2009.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Small, Clusters, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring, Summer.

Was treated as Triglochin concinna in the original manual.
Thumbnail Picture of Triglochin maritima


Family Alliaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

254
Red-skinned Onion
Allium haematochiton


Family: Alliaceae (ONION, GARLIC), Liliaceae (LILY).
Generic common name: ONION, GARLIC.

Circle X Ranch: Canyon View Trail, riparian woodland, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, White, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Allium haematochiton

255
Peninsular Onion
Allium peninsulare var. peninsulare


Family: Alliaceae (ONION, GARLIC), Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: Mexicali onion.
Generic common name: ONION, GARLIC.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, sage scrub, April 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Allium peninsulare var. peninsulare

256
Early Onion
Allium praecox


Family: Alliaceae (ONION, GARLIC), Liliaceae (LILY).
Generic common name: ONION, GARLIC.

Point Mugu State Park: La Jolla Canyon Trail, oak woodland, April 2005.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Medium, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Allium praecox


Family Liliaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Liliales)

257
Plummer's Mariposa Lily
Calochortus plummerae


Family: Liliaceae (LILY), Calochortaceae (MARIPOSA LILY).
Generic common name: MARIPOSA LILY.

Circle X Ranch: Backbone Trail, chaparral, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Calochortus plummerae

258
Lilac Mariposa Lily
Calochortus splendens


Family: Liliaceae (LILY), Calochortaceae (MARIPOSA LILY).
Other common names: splendid mariposa lily.
Generic common name: MARIPOSA LILY.

Cheeseboro/Palo Comado Canyons: Albertson Motorway, valley grassland, June 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Calochortus splendens

259
Weedís Mariposa Lily
Calochortus weedii var. intermedius


Family: Liliaceae (LILY), Calochortaceae (MARIPOSA LILY).
Other common names: intermediate mariposa lily.
Generic common name: MARIPOSA LILY.

Dayton Canyon ridge line: open chaparral/coastal sage scrub, May 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Yellow, Red, Large, Solitary, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 1B.2
See the note in the ANF about the ID of this plant.
Thumbnail Picture of Calochortus weedii var. intermedius

260
Chocolate Lily
Fritillaria biflora var. biflora


Family: Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: mission bells.
Generic common name: FRITILLARY.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, sage scrub March 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Fritillaria biflora var. biflora

261
Humboldt Lily
Lilium humboldtii ssp. ocellatum


Family: Liliaceae (LILY).
Other common names: spotted Humboldt's lily, ocellated Humbolt lily, leopard lily.
Generic common name: LILY.

Circle X Ranch: Mishe Mokwa Trail, June 2004.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Large, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

Status: CNPS List 4.2.
Thumbnail Picture of Lilium humboldtii ssp. ocellatum


Family Orchidaceae (Liliopsida | Liliidae | Orchidales)

262
Stream Orchid
Epipactis gigantea


Family: Orchidaceae (ORCHID).
Other common names: giant helleborine, chatterbox.
Generic common name: HELLEBORINE.

Circle X Ranch: riparian woodland, May 2006.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Large, Clusters, Solitary, Odd, Herbaceous, Perennial, Early Spring, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Epipactis gigantea


Family Juncaceae (Liliopsida | Commelinidae | Juncales)

263
Southwestern Spiny Rush
Juncus acutus ssp. leopoldii


Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Generic common name: RUSH.

Leo Carrillo State Park: coastal strand, May 2011.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus acutus ssp. leopoldii

264
Baltic Rush
Juncus balticus

FNA: Juncus arcticus var. balticus.
Other scientific names: Juncus mexicanus.

Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Other common names: Mexican rush, wire rush, mountain rush.
Generic common name: RUSH.

Westlake Road: riparian woodland, June 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Green, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Late Spring.

A complex group, see discussion in the ANF description.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus balticus

265
Brown Headed Rush
Juncus phaeocephalus var. paniculatus


Family: Juncaceae (RUSH).
Other common names: panicled rush.
Generic common name: RUSH.

Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa: Near Equestrian parking lot, riparian woodland, Aug 2010.

Characteristics: Native, Red, Small, Clusters, Simple, Herbaceous, Perennial, Summer.
Thumbnail Picture of Juncus phaeocephalus var. paniculatus


Family Pinaceae (Pinopsida | Pinales)

266
Aleppo Pine *
Pinus halepensis ssp. halepensis


Family: Pinaceae (PINE).
Other common names: Jerusalem pine.
Generic common name: PINE.

Circle X Ranch: main parking lot off of Yerba Buena Road, March 2011.

Characteristics: non-Native, Yellow, Red, Medium, Clusters, Odd, Simple, Woody, Perennial, Early Spring.

The Gymnosperms are technically not flowering plants.
Thumbnail Picture of Pinus halepensis ssp. halepensis




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